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-- Manuscript Group 40, Winfield Scott (1786-1866), Army Officer and Presidential candidate Papers, 1823-1849

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Manuscript Group 40, Winfield Scott (1786-1866), Army Officer and Presidential candidate Papers, 1823-1849, 0.5 linear feet / 1 box

Call Number: MG 40


Summary:

Original and copy letters by or concerning Winfield Scott.  Includes his "Note on the Trial of Captain Winfield Scott... (November 28, 1839)," and correspondence with Charles Davies, Andrew Jackson, Charles King, Benjamin Watkins Leigh, William Erigena Robinson, James Ross, and William A. Whitehead.  Winfield Scott, in addition to his important role in national politics and military affairs, was once a resident of Elizabeth and a member of The New Jersey Historical Society.

Gift (in part) of Alice R. Allan, 1942.

 

Biographical Note:

Winfield Scott, the son of Ann Mason and William Scott, was born in 1786 in Petersburg, Virginia. He entered the United States Army in 1807 and was commissioned as a captain in 1808.  In 1809, while a captain in the army, Scott was suspended for a year for "behaving with contempt or disrespect towards his commanding officer."  During the War of 1812, he became a brigadier general and fought along the Niagara River at the battles of Fort George, Queenston Heights, and Lundy’s Lane.  After the War of 1812, Scott left the army and, in 1817, married Maria D. Mayo with whom he had seven children.  He returned to active duty in 1832 to participate in the Blackhawk War (1831-1832) and later in the Seminole Wars (1835-1842).  The Whig Party nominated Scott as their presidential candidate in 1840 and, in 1841, he was appointed General-in-Chief of the United States Army.  The Whig Party again nominated Scott as their presidential candidate in 1844 and after losing that election, he  led the American forces in their attack on Mexico from 1846-1848.  In 1852, the Whig Party nominated Scott as President of the United States for the last time, and again, he was defeated, this time by Franklin Pierce.  Winfield Scott continued to serve his nation in the first year of the Civil War, but resigned in November 1861.  He died in 1866 at West Point, New York.

Sources:

John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. American National Biography: Vol. 19 (Oxford University Press: New York, 1999).

http://www.clements.umich.edu/Webguides/Arlenes/S/Scott.html

 

Provenance Note:

Gift (in part) of Alice R. Allan, 1942.

 

Scope and Content Note:

The collection consists of the papers of Winfield Scott, dating from 1823-1849.  Most of the collection consists of correspondence between Winfield Scott and Professor Charles Davies in which the two, mainly Scott, discuss politics.  There is also correspondence with a number of other notables including: President Andrew Jackson, Honorable James Monroe, and Honorable James Cooper.  The collection includes Scott’s letter to The New Jersey Historical Society regarding his payment of dues, a letter from E. W. Johnston to Charles King, the pay roll for Winfield Scott’s light artillery company in 1809, and notes on Scott’s trial for "behaving with contempt or disrespect toward his commanding officer."  It is not clear who wrote these notes, although it is likely that Winfield Scott did not write them.

 

Folder List:

Folder

Title

Date
1

Letter from James Cooper

Feb. 7, 1846

Letter from James Cooper

Feb. 9, 1846

Letters to and from Charles Davies

1823-1849
2

Letter from Isaac Fisher

Feb. 15, 1846

Letters to Goold Hoyt

1860-1866

Letter to Andrew Jackson

Dec. 11, 1823

Letter from Andrew Jackson

Dec. 11, 1823

Letter to B. W. Leigh

Nov. 28, 1839

Letter to James Monroe

Sep. 25, 1839

Letter to William F. Morgan

Nov. 17, 1865

Letter from D. Parker

Dec. 11, 1823

Letter to William E. Robinson

May 15, 1848

Letter to James Ross

May 16, 1850

Letter to Lieut. William H. Smith

n. d.

Letter to Col. H. Thorn

n. d.

Letter to W. A. Whitehead

Feb. 24, 1846

Letter from E. W. Johnston to Charles King

Aug. 9, No Year
3

Pay Roll for Scott’s Company of Light Artillery

1809
4

Notes on the trial of Captain Winfield Scott

Nov. 28, 1839

 

Processed by James Lewis, May 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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