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-- Manuscript Group 47, John P. Jackson (1805-1861), Lawyer and Legislator, Vice-President of the New Jersey Railroad & Transportation Co. Papers, 1821-1887 (Bulk dates: 1830-1860)

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Manuscript Group 47, John P. Jackson (1805-1861), Lawyer and Legislator, Vice-President of the New Jersey Railroad & Transportation Co. Papers, 1821-1887 (Bulk dates: 1830-1860), 0.25 linear feet / 1 small box

Call Number: MG 47


Summary:

Mostly letters addressed to John P. Jackson, a Newark attorney, Whig politician, as well as Vice-President and General Superintendent of the New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company.  Jackson was also an officer of the Essex County Bible Society, the Newark City Tract Society, the New Jersey Colonization Society, and The New Jersey Historical Society.  Included are letters of:

Samuel J. Bayard Edward Everett Samuel L. Southard
John J. Crittenden Theodore Frelinghuysen Richard Wayne Stites
John S. Darcy Charles Gayarre Peter D. Vroom (1791-1873)
William L. Dayton Joseph C. Hornblower Asa Whitehead
Philemon Dickerson John Maclean William A. Whitehead
Robert Schuyler

Gift in part of Mrs. Neilson Abeel, 1918, and William S. Baker, 1920.

 

Biographical Note:

John P. Jackson, the son of Hester Van der Linde Brinckerhoff (1782-1883) and Peter Jackson (1777-1859), was born on June 8, 1805 in Acquanonck, New Jersey.  He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1823 and then studied law at the Litchfield Law School in Connecticut.  He was admitted to the bar in 1827 and went into practice with Ashbel W. Corey and later his brother-in-law, Amzi Armstrong, in Newark, New Jersey.

Jackson entered politics in 1831 when he was elected to the New Jersey General Assembly, then reelected the following year, and made Speaker of the House Assembly.  In 1839, he was elected the Clerk of Essex County and remained in that position for ten years.  He retired from the legal profession when he assumed the Essex County clerkship.

During this same time period he became active in the newly formed New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company.  He was elected the company’s secretary in 1832, a director in 1836, and the vice president and general superintendent in 1849.  The company grew and strengthened under Jackson’s leadership, and came to include such lines as the one running between Newark and New York City.  Jackson remained with the company until his death in 1861.

Jackson was also active in charitable and religious organizations.  He was a member of the Essex County Bible Society, the New Jersey Colonization Society, The New Jersey Historical Society, the First Presbyterian Church of Newark, and a founding member of the South Park Presbyterian Church of Newark.  He was also a trustee of the New Jersey State Normal School and was appointed by President Millard Fillmore to the Board of Visitors at West Point Military Academy.

In 1827, John P. Jackson married Elizabeth Huntington Wolcott, the daughter of Betzy Huntington and the Honorable Frederick Wolcott.  The couple had eleven children together.  John P. Jackson died in Newark, New Jersey on December 10, 1861.

See Jackson Family Tree.

Sources:

Lee, Francis Bazley. Genealogical and Memorial History of the State of New Jersey (Lewis Historical Publishing Co.: New York, 1910), Vol. IV, pgs. 1386-1387.

Shaw, William H. History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey (Everts & Peck: Philadelphia, 1884), pgs. 261-262.

 

Provenance Note:

Eleven documents, marked with the accession numbers M1245-M1256, were donated by Mrs. Neilson Abeel in 1918.  Two letters, marked with the accession numbers M1369 and M1370, were donated by William S. Baker in 1920.  The source of the remainder of the items in this collection are unknown.

 

Scope and Content Note:

The papers consist largely of letters received by John P. Jackson, and date from 1821-1887, with bulk dates of 1830-1860.

The correspondence mostly pertains to John P. Jackson’s business matters and contains complaints concerning the various railroads Jackson oversaw; requests for free tickets or passes; information regarding the railroad company’s stock; discussion of New Jersey and Unites States politics; invitations to dinners, meetings, lectures, and visits; and inquiries into money owed.  Correspondents include Samuel Bayard, John J. Chetwood, John Davis, William L. Dayton, Edward Everett, Richard Stockton Field, Theodore Frelinghuysen, Charles Gayarré, Chauncey A. Goodrich, Dudley S. Gregory, Joseph C. Hornblower, Peter Jackson, Jacob W. Miller, J. Phillips Phoenix, Robert Schuyler, George Sheldon, Samuel L. Southard, Richard Stockton, Robert Field Stockton, John R. Thomson, Peter D. Vroom, Asa Whitehead, and William A. Whitehead.  There are a few letters from family members, including one from John P. Jackson’s brother, James Jackson, describing the state of the slaves at Mount Vernon.

There are also a number of letters discussing the various organizations and societies that Jackson was involved in.  These include the New Jersey Colonization Society, the Essex County Bible Society, Princeton University, South Park Church, and an unspecified temperance society.  Additionally, there are a small number of newsletters/updates for the New Jersey Colonization Society and the South Park Presbyterian Church of Newark.

The papers also contain editorials; a small number of receipts and bills; court documents; one Newark land deed; and a smaller amount of correspondence to other people, including John Darcy Stevens, the President of the New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company.

 

Related Collections:

Manuscript Group 20, Peter D. Vroom (1791-1873) Papers: Contains letters of John P. Jackson.

Manuscript Group 26, Joseph P. Bradley (1813-1892) Papers: Contains letters of John P. Jackson.

Manuscript Group 139, East Newark Land Company Records: John P. Jackson was a founder of this company.

 

Folder List:

Folder

Title

Dates

     

Correspondence - John P. Jackson, Letters Received

 

1

Correspondence to John P. Jackson from: A-D

 
 

- Robert Adrain

1851

 

- Abner Aikman, with a note from Frederick Wolcott

1827

 

- William Cowper Alexander

1859

 

- Robert Anderson

1861

 

- Samuel Bayard

1839

 

- Charles Beecher

1852

 

- George Washington Cassedy

1846

 

- John Joseph Chetwood (3 letters)

1852, 1859

 

- A.N. Corry

n.d.

 

- Edward Tanjore Corwin

1859

 

- E.R. Crain

1851

 

- John Jordan Crittenden

1844

 

- Jos. Cross, with note from Charles H. Whitecar

1845

 

- John Davis

1842

 

- Matthew W. Day

1831

 

- William Lewis Dayton (3 letters)

1838, 1852, 1859

 

- A. Dell (?)

1851

 

- Democratic Whigs of the City

1849

 

- Alfred L. Dennis

1855

 

- John Thomas Duffield

1858

2

Correspondence to John P. Jackson from: E-H

 
 

- John Edgar

1859

 

- Edward Everett

1859

 

- Richard Stockton Field (3 letters)

1856, 1858, 1859

 

- J. Franklin

1858

 

- Theodore Frelinghuysen (2 letters)

1840, 1853

 

- Theodore Frothingham

1853

 

- Charles Gayarré

1858

 

- Archer Gifford

1853

 

- Chauncey Allen Goodrich (2 letters)

1856

 

- Henry Woodhull Green

1844

 

- Dudley Sanford Gregory (3 letters)

1840, 1848, 1851

 

- John C. Groome

1839

 

- Ralph Randolph Gurley

1852

 

- (J.D.?) Hager

1840

 

- Willis Hall, with note from John George McKean

1837

 

- M.W. Halsey

1838

 

- Robert (N.?) Halsted

1827

 

- Edwin Francis Hatfield

1852

 

- Alexander Henry

1852

 

- (L.D.?) Henry

1859

 

- Ogden Hoffman

1838

 

- M.B. Hope

1852

 

- Joseph C. Hornblower (3 letters)

1840, 1851, 1861

 

- Lewis L. Houpt

1861

 

- E. Huntington

1836

3

Correspondence to John P. Jackson from: J-P

 
 

- James Jackson

1825

 

- Peter Jackson (2 letters)

1829, 1832

 

- ( ) Joline

1838

 

- E.W. Leavenworth

1828

 

- Robert M. Lusher (?)

1858

 

- George (P. Macaullos?)

1840

 

- John Maclean

1832

 

- Silas Merchant

1835

 

- A. Merwin

1856

 

- Jacob Welsh Miller (2 letters)

1841, 1847

 

- David (Nervius?)

1852

 

- J. Phillips Phoenix (3 letters)

1851, n.d.

 

- J.B. Pierney

1859

 

- W. Pierson, Jr.

1838

4

Correspondence to John P. Jackson from: R-S

 
 

- G.R. Richardson

1821

 

- J.L. Robinson

1851

 

- Edw. Rogers

1840

 

- Z. Rossell

1835

 

- William Schley

1840

 

- Robert Schuyler (3 letters)

1853

 

- George Sheldon (3 letters)

1838, 1860

 

- H.R. Shotwell

1836

 

- J.C. Smallwood

1860

 

- Asa D. Smith

1853

 

- Truman Smith

1852

 

- George W. Smythe

1853

 

- Samuel L. Southard (3 letters)

1833, 1838, 1839

 

- Richard Wayne Stites

1840

 

- Richard Stockton, with draft reply

1859

 

- Robert Field Stockton

n.d.

5

Correspondence to John P. Jackson from: T-Z, unknown

 
 

- John R. Thomson (2 letters)

1840, n.d.

 

- Elihu Townsend

1836

 

- Edw. Vanderpool

1853

 

- Peter D. Vroom (3 letters)

1831, 1835, 1852

 

- Francis Wayland

1851

 

- Norman White

1851

 

- Asa Whitehead

1838

 

- William A. Whitehead

1860

 

- H. Wilson

1860

 

- N.A. Wilson

1824

 

- George W. Wood

1859

 

- William Wright

1846

 

- Lincoln ( )

1859

 

- W.P. ( )

1853

 

- ( )

1854

     

Correspondence - To Others

 

6

- To David H. Baker from John P. Jackson (2 letters)

1849

 

- To Caleb Baldwin from the Committee of the NJ Railroad and Transportation Company, printed letter

1834

 

- To John Stevens Darcy from William A. Gulick

n.d.

 

- To John Stevens Darcy from Edwin Augustus Stevens

n.d.

 

- To James Henderson from ( ) Hollenbach

1829

 

- To Elizabeth Wolcott Jackson from ( )

1870

 

- To Frederick Wolcott Jackson from ( )

1865

 

- To John P. Jackson from Anthony Deys Camp

1887

 

- To Mary and Julia Jackson from Elizabeth Wolcott Jackson and John P. Jackson

1848

 

- To Schuyler B. Jackson from Robert ( )

1884

 

- To Jas. L. Morris from Philemon Dickerson

n.d.

 

- To H.J. Southwayd from Thomas T. Kinney

1860

 

- To John Tircher (?) from Robert Schuyler

1847

 

- To C.W. Toller from R.R. Gurley

1859

     

Society/Organization Newsletters

 

7

- New Jersey Colonization Society (3 letters)

1838, 1840, 1844

 

- South Park Presbyterian Church of Newark

1852

     

Editorials/Speeches

 

8

- "Speech of the Hon. Daniel Webster, in the Senate of the United States on the President’s Veto of the Bank Bill" (printed pamphlet)

1832

 

- "For the State Gazette"

1851

 

- "To All Good Teamsters, Cattle Drivers, and Charcoal Drivers, Tandem Riders and Horse Jockies!!"

n.d.

     

Court Documents and a Land Deed

 

9

- William Roberts, Jr. v. Moses Hey

1827

 

- Elijah C. Pierson v. Joseph Fenkes

1838

 

- Deed: William Pierson, Sheriff to John P. Jackson

1852

     

Financial Documents

 

10

Bills, Receipts, Promissory Notes, and Stock Transfer

1833-1858

     

Miscellaneous

 

11

- Certificate to be a counselor-at-law, John P. Jackson, signed by Peter D. Vroom

1830

 

- Invitation to the commencement of Burlington College

1852

 

- Blank stationary from the New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company

1861

 

Jackson Family Tree:

Peter Jackson (1777-1859) = Hester Van der Linde Brinckerhoff (1782-1883)

          |

James Jackson (1803-1882) = Mary Stagg

*John P. Jackson (1805-1861) = Elizabeth Huntington Wolcott*

Maria Jackson = Henry Van Winkle

Eliza Jackson = Amzi Armstrong

Julia Ann Jackson = Algernon S. Hubbell

Jane Jackson = Samuel W. Fisher

William Jackson (1817-1902) = 1) Helen Wilbur, 2) Elizabeth McNulty

 

 

*John P. Jackson (1805-1861) = Elizabeth Huntington Wolcott*

          |

Laura Wolcott Jackson (d.1900) = 1) Matthew Trotter, 2) Charles Henry

Mary Elizabeth Jackson = T. Charlton Henry

Julia Huntington Jackson (d.1905)

Frederick Wolcott Jackson (1833-1904) = Nannie J. Nye

Joseph Cooke Jackson (b.1835) = Katherine Perkins Day

John Peter Jackson, Jr. (1837-1880) = Clara Gregory

Hannah Wolcott Jackson (d.1904)

Huntington Wolcott Jackson (1841-1901)

Charles Henry Jackson (d.infancy)

Henry Griswold Jackson (d.infancy)

Schuyler Brinckerhoff Jackson (b.1849) = Angela Forbes

 

Processed by Kim Charlton, March 2000 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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