Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 47, John P. Jackson (1805-1861), Lawyer and Legislator, Vice-President of the New Jersey Railroad & Transportation Co. Papers, 1821-1887 (Bulk dates: 1830-1860), 0.25 linear feet / 1 small box
Call Number: MG 47
Mostly letters addressed to John P. Jackson, a Newark attorney, Whig politician, as well as Vice-President and General Superintendent of the New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company. Jackson was also an officer of the Essex County Bible Society, the Newark City Tract Society, the New Jersey Colonization Society, and The New Jersey Historical Society. Included are letters of:
Gift in part of Mrs. Neilson Abeel, 1918, and William S. Baker, 1920.
John P. Jackson, the son of Hester Van der Linde Brinckerhoff (1782-1883) and Peter Jackson (1777-1859), was born on June 8, 1805 in Acquanonck, New Jersey. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1823 and then studied law at the Litchfield Law School in Connecticut. He was admitted to the bar in 1827 and went into practice with Ashbel W. Corey and later his brother-in-law, Amzi Armstrong, in Newark, New Jersey.
Jackson entered politics in 1831 when he was elected to the New Jersey General Assembly, then reelected the following year, and made Speaker of the House Assembly. In 1839, he was elected the Clerk of Essex County and remained in that position for ten years. He retired from the legal profession when he assumed the Essex County clerkship.
During this same time period he became active in the newly formed New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company. He was elected the company’s secretary in 1832, a director in 1836, and the vice president and general superintendent in 1849. The company grew and strengthened under Jackson’s leadership, and came to include such lines as the one running between Newark and New York City. Jackson remained with the company until his death in 1861.
Jackson was also active in charitable and religious organizations. He was a member of the Essex County Bible Society, the New Jersey Colonization Society, The New Jersey Historical Society, the First Presbyterian Church of Newark, and a founding member of the South Park Presbyterian Church of Newark. He was also a trustee of the New Jersey State Normal School and was appointed by President Millard Fillmore to the Board of Visitors at West Point Military Academy.
In 1827, John P. Jackson married Elizabeth Huntington Wolcott, the daughter of Betzy Huntington and the Honorable Frederick Wolcott. The couple had eleven children together. John P. Jackson died in Newark, New Jersey on December 10, 1861.
See Jackson Family Tree.
Lee, Francis Bazley. Genealogical and Memorial History of the State of New Jersey (Lewis Historical Publishing Co.: New York, 1910), Vol. IV, pgs. 1386-1387.
Shaw, William H. History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey (Everts & Peck: Philadelphia, 1884), pgs. 261-262.
Eleven documents, marked with the accession numbers M1245-M1256, were donated by Mrs. Neilson Abeel in 1918. Two letters, marked with the accession numbers M1369 and M1370, were donated by William S. Baker in 1920. The source of the remainder of the items in this collection are unknown.
The papers consist largely of letters received by John P. Jackson, and date from 1821-1887, with bulk dates of 1830-1860.
The correspondence mostly pertains to John P. Jackson’s business matters and contains complaints concerning the various railroads Jackson oversaw; requests for free tickets or passes; information regarding the railroad company’s stock; discussion of New Jersey and Unites States politics; invitations to dinners, meetings, lectures, and visits; and inquiries into money owed. Correspondents include Samuel Bayard, John J. Chetwood, John Davis, William L. Dayton, Edward Everett, Richard Stockton Field, Theodore Frelinghuysen, Charles Gayarré, Chauncey A. Goodrich, Dudley S. Gregory, Joseph C. Hornblower, Peter Jackson, Jacob W. Miller, J. Phillips Phoenix, Robert Schuyler, George Sheldon, Samuel L. Southard, Richard Stockton, Robert Field Stockton, John R. Thomson, Peter D. Vroom, Asa Whitehead, and William A. Whitehead. There are a few letters from family members, including one from John P. Jackson’s brother, James Jackson, describing the state of the slaves at Mount Vernon.
There are also a number of letters discussing the various organizations and societies that Jackson was involved in. These include the New Jersey Colonization Society, the Essex County Bible Society, Princeton University, South Park Church, and an unspecified temperance society. Additionally, there are a small number of newsletters/updates for the New Jersey Colonization Society and the South Park Presbyterian Church of Newark.
The papers also contain editorials; a small number of receipts and bills; court documents; one Newark land deed; and a smaller amount of correspondence to other people, including John Darcy Stevens, the President of the New Jersey Railroad and Transportation Company.
Manuscript Group 20, Peter D. Vroom (1791-1873) Papers: Contains letters of John P. Jackson.
Manuscript Group 139, East Newark Land Company Records: John P. Jackson was a founder of this company.
Peter Jackson (1777-1859) = Hester Van der Linde Brinckerhoff (1782-1883)
James Jackson (1803-1882) = Mary Stagg
*John P. Jackson (1805-1861) = Elizabeth Huntington Wolcott*
Maria Jackson = Henry Van Winkle
Eliza Jackson = Amzi Armstrong
Julia Ann Jackson = Algernon S. Hubbell
Jane Jackson = Samuel W. Fisher
William Jackson (1817-1902) = 1) Helen Wilbur, 2) Elizabeth McNulty
*John P. Jackson (1805-1861) = Elizabeth Huntington Wolcott*
Laura Wolcott Jackson (d.1900) = 1) Matthew Trotter, 2) Charles Henry
Mary Elizabeth Jackson = T. Charlton Henry
Julia Huntington Jackson (d.1905)
Frederick Wolcott Jackson (1833-1904) = Nannie J. Nye
Joseph Cooke Jackson (b.1835) = Katherine Perkins Day
John Peter Jackson, Jr. (1837-1880) = Clara Gregory
Hannah Wolcott Jackson (d.1904)
Huntington Wolcott Jackson (1841-1901)
Charles Henry Jackson (d.infancy)
Henry Griswold Jackson (d.infancy)
Schuyler Brinckerhoff Jackson (b.1849) = Angela Forbes
Processed by Kim Charlton, March 2000 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society