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-- Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book, 1780, 0.3 linear feet / 2 items

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Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book, 1780, 0.3 linear feet / 2 items

Call Number: MG 91


Summary:

Kept chiefly by Sergeant Matthew Drury from January 3 to April 7, 1780 at winter encampment in Morristown or its vicinity.  The records pertain to the unit commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Edward Carrington of Virginia under Major General Henry Knox.

Gift of Reeve Schley, Sr., 1953.

 

Historical Note:

On December 1, 1779, the Continental Army under General George Washington encamped in Morristown, New Jersey.  General Washington chose this area for its logistical, geographical and topographical military advantages, in addition to its proximity to New York City.  The Army, after years of supply shortages, was just beginning to feel changes brought about by new Quartermaster General Nathanael Greene, but the overall conditions at the winter encampment in Morristown was perhaps the most brutal of the entire war.  On June 22, 1780 the Army broke encampment and the following day, they defeated the British in the Battle of Springfield.  The Continental Army continued to advance through eastern New Jersey toward the coast and New York City.  The encampment for the following winter began in November 1780 in the Hudson Highlands.  Lieutenant Colonel Edward Carrington (1748-1810) of Virginia under Major General Henry Knox (1750-1806) commanded the First Artillery.

Sources:

Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).

Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume 1607-1896 (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1963).

Who Was Who in America, Volume IV, 1961-1968 (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1968).

Payson, Edward, Nathanael Greene and the Supply of the Continental Army, The Quartermaster Review May-June 1950, on the U. S. Army Quartermaster Museum at:

http://www.qmfound.com/greene.htm

http://www.nps.gov/vafo/HISTORY/rwtimeline.htm

 

Provenance Note:

This volume was the gift of Reeve Schley, Sr. in 1953.

 

Scope and Content Note:

This volume is an orderly book kept by Sergeant Matthew Drury for the First Artillery Regiment at the winter encampment in Morristown, New Jersey from January 3 to April 7, 1780.  The second item in this collection is a typed transcript of the orderly book made in 1953.

An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders, and there is usually one for each company.  Typical orders recorded regard troop formation, maintenance of camp, guard duty, and court marshal proceedings.  Most of the court marshal proceedings were held for offenses such as theft, drunkenness, card playing, or ungentlemanly behavior.  Of note is the March 26, 1780 entry that reports a court marshal proceeding held in Philadelphia.  "The Court Unanamously found Capt. Leut. (Theopheliss) Park Guilty not only of fraud but of Repeated Forgeress & Sentence him to be Casheared with Infamy, by having his Sword brock over his head On the Publick parade in frount of the Regt. To which he belongs by the Adjt. of said Regt."

 

Related Collections:

For other orderly books see:

Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton's Additional Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 229, New Jersey State Troops Military Record book

Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard's Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book

Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Military surgeon, Journal and Orderly book

Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

 

Folder List: 

Folder

Title

Dates

1 Orderly book 1780
2 Orderly book transcript (1780) 1953

 

Processed by Luis Delfino, June 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Submit a request to copy part of this collection

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