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-- Manuscript Group 110 - James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General Papers

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Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs

Manuscript Group 110, James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General

Papers, 1761-1819, 0.5 linear feet / 1 box

Call Number: MG 110


Summary:

Correspondence and records of James Abeel, primarily concerning his service as Deputy Quartermaster General, New Jersey Continental Line.  Prior to being assigned to his post, Abeel was an officer in the First Battalion, New York City Militia.  Includes correspondence of:

William Alexander, Lord Stirling Nathanael Greene
William Barber William Maxwell
J. Burnet John Mitchell
Richard Claiborne Robert Morris (1734-1806)
Solomon Myers Cohen John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg
John Cox Samuel Ogden
Philemon Dickerson George Olney
John Jacob Faesch Charles Pettit
Robert Forsyth Jacob Weiss
Mordecai Gist

Biographical Note:

James Abeel (1733-1825) was born and raised in New York City where he pursued a commercial career as a young man.  During the American Revolution, he served in the First Battalion of the New York City Militia, the Continental Army, and by 1777, as deputy quartermaster general at Morristown, New Jersey.  He dealt with the Continental Army’s provisions during their two Morristown encampments, the Middlebrook and Pluckemin encampments, and Valley Forge.

After the war, Abeel and his wife, Gertrude, secured profits from Revolutionary War certificates and acquired land in Washington County, New York.

 

Provenance Note:

The source of this collection is unknown.

 

Scope and Content Note:

This collection consists of 0.5 linear feet of correspondence, quartermaster records, and personal financial documents dating from 1761-1819.  The collection documents the process by which the Continental Army was provisioned in and from New Jersey, especially during the years 1777-1781.  It records the kind and quantity of supplies needed, their price, suppliers, and mode of delivery.  The post-war material provides information concerning the financial history of New York during the 1780s and 1790s, especially through the exchange of war certificates and investment in real estate.

Series Description:

This collection is organized into three series: Correspondence, Business records, and Personal finances. Each series is arranged chronologically.

Series I. Correspondence, 1777-1782, n. d.

This series consists of 14 folders of letters received by James Abeel during the years 1777-1782. The letters concern such issues as supplies, the cost of various items, and the needs of the troops (tents, horses, camp kettles, and so forth), as well as private reports on such events as the British evacuation of Rhode Island, and a visit to Martha Washington.

Series II. Business records, 1776-1778.

This series consists of 7 folders of quartermaster records from the years 1776-1778.  These items include receipts, accounts, and invoices for various services and supplies.

Series III. Personal finances, 1761-1819.

This series consists of 3 folders of documents that represent the financial activities of James Abeel as a private individual.  These items include deeds, releases, and receipts; the sale of military rights, 1791; an account of payment for quit rents on the Cathoun patent, 1817; accounts of taxes paid by Abeel in various years; land surveys; and affidavits.

 

Related Collections:

James Abeel's Letterbook, Call Number: EN 171 (Ely Collection)

For more information on quartermasters in the American Revolution see:

Manuscript Group 163, Hugh Hughes (fl. 1782), Deputy Quartermaster of New York, Daybook

 

Folder List:

Folder

Title

Dates

Series I. Correspondence, 1777-1782, n.d.

 

1

James Abeel. Letters received

1777

2

James Abeel. Letters received

1778

3

James Abeel. Letters received

1778

4

James Abeel. Letters received

1779

5

James Abeel. Letters received

1779

6

James Abeel. Letters received

1779

7

James Abeel. Letters received

1779

8

James Abeel. Letters received

1779

9

James Abeel. Letters received

1780

10

James Abeel. Letters received

1780

11

James Abeel. Letters received

1780

12

James Abeel. Letters received

1780

13

James Abeel. Letters received

1781-1782

14

James Abeel. Letters received

n.d.

Series II. Business records, 1776-1781

 

15

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1776

16

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1777

17

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1778

18

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1779

19

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1780

20

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1780

21

James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records

1781

Series III. Personal finances, 1761-1819

 

22

James Abeel. Personal finances

1761-1787

23

James Abeel. Personal finances

1787-1797

24

James Abeel. Personal finances

n.d. - 1819

 

Processed by Irina Peris, December 1999 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Submit a request to copy part of this collection

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