Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 110, James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General
Papers, 1761-1819, 0.5 linear feet / 1 box
Call Number: MG 110
Correspondence and records of James Abeel, primarily concerning his service as Deputy Quartermaster General, New Jersey Continental Line. Prior to being assigned to his post, Abeel was an officer in the First Battalion, New York City Militia. Includes correspondence of:
James Abeel (1733-1825) was born and raised in New York City where he pursued a commercial career as a young man. During the American Revolution, he served in the First Battalion of the New York City Militia, the Continental Army, and by 1777, as deputy quartermaster general at Morristown, New Jersey. He dealt with the Continental Army’s provisions during their two Morristown encampments, the Middlebrook and Pluckemin encampments, and Valley Forge.
After the war, Abeel and his wife, Gertrude, secured profits from Revolutionary War certificates and acquired land in Washington County, New York.
The source of this collection is unknown.
This collection consists of 0.5 linear feet of correspondence, quartermaster records, and personal financial documents dating from 1761-1819. The collection documents the process by which the Continental Army was provisioned in and from New Jersey, especially during the years 1777-1781. It records the kind and quantity of supplies needed, their price, suppliers, and mode of delivery. The post-war material provides information concerning the financial history of New York during the 1780s and 1790s, especially through the exchange of war certificates and investment in real estate.
This collection is organized into three series: Correspondence, Business records, and Personal finances. Each series is arranged chronologically.
Series I. Correspondence, 1777-1782, n. d.
This series consists of 14 folders of letters received by James Abeel during the years 1777-1782. The letters concern such issues as supplies, the cost of various items, and the needs of the troops (tents, horses, camp kettles, and so forth), as well as private reports on such events as the British evacuation of Rhode Island, and a visit to Martha Washington.
Series II. Business records, 1776-1778.
This series consists of 7 folders of quartermaster records from the years 1776-1778. These items include receipts, accounts, and invoices for various services and supplies.
Series III. Personal finances, 1761-1819.
This series consists of 3 folders of documents that represent the financial activities of James Abeel as a private individual. These items include deeds, releases, and receipts; the sale of military rights, 1791; an account of payment for quit rents on the Cathoun patent, 1817; accounts of taxes paid by Abeel in various years; land surveys; and affidavits.
James Abeel's Letterbook, Call Number: EN 171 (Ely Collection)
For more information on quartermasters in the American Revolution see:
Processed by Irina Peris, December 1999 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society