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-- Manuscript Group 111, Samuel Hayes (1776-1839), Physician Daybooks, 1804-1830


Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs

Manuscript Group 111, Samuel Hayes (1776-1839), Physician

Daybooks, 1804-1830, 1 linear foot / 8 volumes

Call Number: MG 111


Prescription and daybooks kept by Dr. Samuel Hayes, a Newark physician and pharmacist, who was appointed apothecary of the New York Hospital in 1799.

Bequest (in part) of Henry Congar.


Biographical Note:

A graduate of the College of New Jersey (Princeton University,1795), Samuel Hayes (1776-1839) was appointed “apothecary of New York Hospital” in 1799 and began selling drug remedies and therapeutics with  Kunze & Hayes in 1803.  His medical practice began the next year (1804) in a partnership with Dr. Cyrus Pierson (1758-1806) in Newark, where they both experimented with vaccinations and sold pharmaceuticals.


Scope and Content Note:

Physician’s daybooks of Dr. Samuel Hayes, a Newark physician and pharmacist.  Includes daily entries of visits to patients and notations of treatment and medicines prescribed.  Common services Dr. Hayes  performed were vaccinations, dressing wounds, dentistry (extracting teeth), and child-birthing (man-midwifery).  Prescriptions include laudanum, saturn, sulphuri, gum opium, and arsenic.  The records document early health care in Newark.

Included in the daybooks are references to the inoculation of children (with cowpox), vaccination of a “negro child of Silas Condit” and the apprentices of David Parkhurst and William Sayres (all in 1805), and “attendance to a wife/abortry” (Oct. 9, 1819).  The daybooks also contain lists of pharmaceutical supplies sold to local doctors including Dr. Isaac Pierson and Dr. E. Ward.

Hayes’ patients included members of the following Newark families: Alling, Baldwin, Beach, Canfield, Condit, Congar, Crane, Halsted, Meeker, Nichols, Parkhurst, Pennington, Randolph, Rankin, Shipman, Tichenor, Vanderpool, Van Houten, Ward and others.  The “Township Committee” also referred people in need to Hayes for medical attention.


Related Collections:

Manuscript Group 117, Kunze and Hayes, Physicians, Daybook

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