Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 112, Phinehas Horton (fl. 1809-1835), Merchant
Record Books, 1802-1852, 0.5 linear feet / 5 volumes
Call Number: MG 112(os)
Financial records of Phinehas Horton, Daniel Horton, John Hopler, Abigail Oles, and Isaac Lyon. The account books and daybooks related to a wide range of services, including the sale of farm animals and products, blacksmithing (Isaac Lyon), harvesting, sewing, and dyeing. Includes some records retained by Phinehas Horton as Justice of the Peace in Morris County and by Daniel Horton as Constable and later as Justice of the Morris County Court for the Trial of Small Causes. Among the records retained by Daniel Horton are a list of marriages which he solemnized between 1802 and 1835.
Phinehas Horton owned a general store in Morris County, New Jersey. He married Esther ( ) of Chester, Morris County, New Jersey on August 21, 1809. Phinehas Horton was one of the executors of Daniel Hortonís will.
This collection was acquired in 1934 and was assigned the accession number M2941.
This collection contains three volumes of account books, one daybook, and one wage book dating from 1802-1852. Phinehas Horton kept two of these account books while the third was kept by Isaac Lyon, and the fourth by Abigail Oles and Daniel Horton. The wage book was kept by John Hoplar. However, someone at a later date labeled all of the volumes "Phinehas Hortonís Account Book."
Phinehas Horton kept a daybook dating from 1809-1810 and an account book dating from 1821-1835 that document his general store in Morris County. The daybook contains entries for the date, customer, product sold, and cost. Horton sold such goods as powder, shot, glass, "knit" needles, sewing needles, salt, butter, and calico.
The account book kept by Phinehas Horton dating from 1821-1835 includes a name index and has entries for the customer, date, and cost. It also includes coded entries possibly referring to other account books, loose leafed receipts including one for a purchase of 300 sheep, and a note to any constable of Morris County signed by Daniel Horton. There are also two discharge papers for Private Alexander Hoplar of the Second Regiment of the New Jersey Cavalry dated 1863 and 1865.
Isaac Lyonís account book dates from 1811-1814 and tracks his blacksmith business. This account book includes entries for the date, customerís name, service provided, and cost. Lyon only indicates that he has provided "blacksmithing" for his customers and not a specific task.
The third volume was used by Abigail Oles, a farmer in Flanders, Morris County, New Jersey and Daniel Horton a merchant in Morris County, New Jersey. The Abigail Oles section of the account book dates from 1813-1814 and has entries for the date, customer, produce sold and cost. She sold such goods as apples, hay, butter, rye, corn, flour and buckwheat.
Daniel Hortonís accounts date from 1819-1835 and have entries for the date, customer, goods sold and cost. He sold such goods as rye, pork, rye flour, buckwheat flour and potatoes. The volume also includes some entries, many of them on loose-leaf papers, related to Daniel Hortonís duties as constable and Justice of the Morris County Court of Small Causes, a recipe for a cure for "Bots in Horses," a list of marriages performed by Daniel Horton from 1802-1835, and estate accounts for Nathaniel Terryís will and Daniel Hortonís will.
John Hoplerís wage book dates from 1826-1852 and has entries for the date, name, number of days worked, and amount paid. He does not indicate what kind of work he was paying for.
For more information on Phinehas and Daniel Horton see:
Processed by James Lewis, July 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society