Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 221, Calvin Green (1765-1847), Farmer
Papers, 1790-1846, 0.3 linear feet / 2 volumes
Call Number: MG 221
Includes Calvin Greenís autobiography, 1765-1845, and a diary, 1790-1844. He has appended to the diary various autobiographical notes, and transcribed records for the First Presbyterian Church in Hanover Township, Morris County, 1747-1846. Calvin Green, a farmer, was the son of Rev. Jacob Green (1722-1790) and a brother of Ashbel Green (1762-1848).
Calvin Green was born on July 25, 1765 in Hanover, Morris County, New Jersey. Greens father, the Harvard educated Rev. Jacob Green (1722-1790), was the minister of the First Presbyterian Church of Hanover Township and a founder of a Latin academy there. Although Calvin did not attend his fathers school, as did his brother Ashbel (1762-1848), he was literate and able to read the Bible by the age of 5.
Too young to fight in the Revolutionary War like his older brother Pierson, Calvin spent his early years helping his father on the familys farm. Rev. Green encouraged his son to learn a trade and, at the age of 12, Calvin began studying shoemaking and tanning with a Hanover tradesman named John Smithson. Leatherwork did not appeal to Green however and he spent much of his apprenticeship working in the fields on Smithsons farm. Green eventually gave up the leather trade in 1794 and concentrated solely on farming and tending to livestock.
In 1787 Green married Hannah Beach (1768-1847) with whom he had six children: Nancy (1788-1813), Jacob (b. 1790), Gabriel (b. 1794), Willis (b. 1802), John Calvin (1805-1807), and Elizabeth (1809-1838). He died in Hanover on February 3, 1847.
"Calvin Greens Diary The Life Of Calvin Green." N.J. Historical Society Proceedings. Volume 69, 1951: pages 115-136.
The collection was a gift of Calvin Greens great-granddaughters, Mrs. Laura Green Dorer and Miss Emma J. Green of West Caldwell, New Jersey.
The collection consists of a handwritten autobiography dating from 1765-1846, a diary dating from 1790-1844, and a typescript index of the diarys contents. In addition to providing a yearly account of Greens life from early childhood until 1846, the autobiography discusses the tanning and shoemaking trade, farming, historical events (example: the 1802 burning of the college at Princeton), his fathers Latin academy, the hiring of slave labor, the churchs succession of ministers, and deaths and births in the town. The diary lists daily events such as biblical readings; the preaching schedule; town births, deaths, and marriages; and crop and livestock reports. Appended to the diary are various autobiographical notes and transcribed records from the First Presbyterian Church of Hanover Township, Morris County (1747-1846) relating to church membership and activity. The typescript index of the diarys contents is organized by year.
Processed by Jeff McMillan, August 2000 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society