Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Revolutionary War officer
Orderly book, 1779, 0.3 linear feet / 2 items
Call Number: MG 222
Orderly book kept by Lieutenant Colonel Francis Barber of the 3rd New Jersey Continental Regiment during Major General John Sullivan's expedition against the Indians in 1779. The book covers the period May 26-September 6. In this expedition Barber was Adjutant General on Sullivan's staff. Printed in NJHS Proceedings 65 (April 1947): 61-82; 66 (April 1948): 48-57; 66 (1948): 122-125; 66 (July 1948): 194-203; 67 (April 1949): 158-165.
Gift of Augustus Coddington, ca. 1871.
Francis Barber of the 3rd New Jersey Continental Regiment (part of the Jersey Brigade) was an adjutant general on General John Sullivanís staff during the Iroquois Campaign (May-September 1799). By the time of the Yorktown Campaign in 1781, Barber had been promoted to lieutenant colonel and commanded the Jersey Light Infantry. George Clinton Barber (1778-1828) was Francis Barberís only son.
The Iroquois Confederation was a Native American political and military alliance that stretched from the Chesapeake Bay to Ontario and included the Seneca, Cayuga, Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, and Tuscarora tribes. Prior to the Revolutionary War, the confederation disputed land claims of settlers in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania. The Revolution brought a temporary end to this dispute, but eventually the tribes in the confederation, with the exception of the Oneida and Tuscarora, openly sided with the British to protect their lands. These tribes joined with a small number of Loyalists forces led by Colonel John Butler (1728-1796) to attack colonist settlements. The bloodiest of these attacks occurred in 1778 in Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania and Cherry Valley, New York.
In early May 1779, General George Washington sent a force of 4500 troops led by General John Sullivan (1740-1795) up the Susquehanna River Valley to break the Iroquois Confederation and its alliance with the British. This force consisted of Enoch Poor's Brigade of three New Hampshire and one Massachusetts's regiments; General William Maxwell's New Jersey Brigade consisting of Colonel Israel Shreveís 2nd New Jersey Regiment, and Colonel Elias Daytonís 3rd New Jersey Regiment; Colonel David Formanís Regiment of New Jersey and Maryland; Edward Hand's Brigade of Pennsylvania troops; James Clinton's Brigade of four New York regiments; a company of Virginia riflemen; and two independent artillery units.
Problems with supplies and transportation delayed Sullivanís expedition in Easton, Pennsylvania until June 16, at which time Sullivanís troops destroyed the Iroquoisí crops and supplies during harvest time. This destruction deprived the British of a significant source of supplies and forced the Iroquois and loyalist settlers to depend on the British during the subsequent winter. This added burden strengthened the revolutionary cause during a critical phase of the war.
Adamiak, Stanley J., The 1779 Sullivan Campaign, at:
"The Wyoming Valley Massacre," of July 3, 1778, at:
"The Boston Gazette and Country Journal""History of the Jersey Brigade" at:
Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966)
This collection was the gift of Augustus Coddington, circa 1871.
This collection consists of an orderly book kept by Lieutenant Colonel Francis Barber (1750-1783) on the Iroquois Campaign from May 26 to September 6, 1779, and of an unrelated military document dated December 17, 1825 and signed by George Clinton Barber, Barberís son.
This orderly book covers the period from the formation of Sullivan forces in Easton, Pennsylvania to their arrival at Seneca Lake in central New York. A n orderly book is usually kept by the orderly sergeant or aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders. There is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formations, rations of food and whiskey, distribution of horses and boats, and court marshal proceedings. Accompanying this volume are notes debating the origin and authorship of the volume, dated from 1871 and signed by William S. Stryker and William Nelson.
A transcript of this volume was printed in Proceedings of The New Jersey Historical Society, Vol.65, (1947), No. 2, pg. 61-82; No. 3, pg. 143-152; No. 4, pg. 209-219; Vol. 66 (1948), No. 1, pg. 48-57; No. 2, pg. 122-125; No. 3, pg. 197-202; No. 4, pg 194-203; Vol. 67 (1949), No. 2, pg. 158-165.
The 1825 document appears to be a list of 23 members of a military outfit that are delinquent in paying fines. It is signed by George Clinton Barber, "Paymaster of the 2nd Battalion, 4th Regiment."
For other orderly books see:
Processed by Luis Delfino, June 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society