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-- Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book, 1779

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Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade

Orderly book, 1779, 0.2 linear feet / 1 volume

Call Number: MG 223


Summary:

Orders for the Continental Artillery Brigade stationed near Chester, Orange County, New York between July 1 and November 18, 1779.  The brigade included the 1st, 2nd, 3rd Artillery Battalions commanded respectively by Charles Harrison, John Lamb, and John Crane.

Historical Note:

The important events of the Revolutionary War in mid-1779 take place mostly in New Jersey and Georgia, but the Continental Army’s recapture of fortifications at Stony Point, New York on April 16 was an important moral builder in a year that brought more losses than victories.

General Henry Knox pioneered the use of mobile artillery by the American forces in the Revolutionary War when he transported his Continental Regiment of Artillery 300 miles from Ticonderoga to Boston to end the British siege on the city in 1776.  John Lamb (1735-1800) and John Crane (1744-1805) both served as majors in this unit, and they were given command of two of the four artillery regiments when the Continental Artillery Brigade was later formed.  The remaining two artillery regiments were commanded by Colonel Charles Harrison (1740-1796) and Colonel Thomas Proctor.  At some point during 1779, Colonel Lamb was given command of nearby West Point until September 1780.

Sources:

http://www.nps.gov/vafo/HISTORY/rwtimeline.htm

Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).

Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume 1607-1896, (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1963).

Provenance Note:

The source of this collection is unknown.

Scope and Content Note:

This volume is an orderly book used by a group of artillery brigades camped near Chester (Orange County), New York from July 1 to November 18, 1779.  This group was composed of three of the four artillery brigades in the Continental Army: Colonel Charles Harrison’s 1st Artillery Brigade, Colonel John Lamb’s 2nd Artillery Brigade, and Colonel John Crane’s 3rd Artillery Brigade.

An orderly book is usually kept by the orderly sergeant or aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders.  There is usually one for each company.  Typical orders recorded regard troop formations, guard duty, repair of arms, and court marshal proceedings.

Related Collections:

For other orderly books see:

Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton's Additional Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 229, The New Jersey State Troops Military Record book

Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard's Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book

Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Revolutionary War surgeon, Journal and Orderly book

Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

 

Processed by Luis Delfino, June 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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