Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade
Orderly book, 1779, 0.2 linear feet / 1 volume
Call Number: MG 223
Orders for the Continental Artillery Brigade stationed near Chester, Orange County, New York between July 1 and November 18, 1779. The brigade included the 1st, 2nd, 3rd Artillery Battalions commanded respectively by Charles Harrison, John Lamb, and John Crane.
The important events of the Revolutionary War in mid-1779 take place mostly in New Jersey and Georgia, but the Continental Army’s recapture of fortifications at Stony Point, New York on April 16 was an important moral builder in a year that brought more losses than victories.
General Henry Knox pioneered the use of mobile artillery by the American forces in the Revolutionary War when he transported his Continental Regiment of Artillery 300 miles from Ticonderoga to Boston to end the British siege on the city in 1776. John Lamb (1735-1800) and John Crane (1744-1805) both served as majors in this unit, and they were given command of two of the four artillery regiments when the Continental Artillery Brigade was later formed. The remaining two artillery regiments were commanded by Colonel Charles Harrison (1740-1796) and Colonel Thomas Proctor. At some point during 1779, Colonel Lamb was given command of nearby West Point until September 1780.
Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).
Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume 1607-1896, (A. N. Marquis, Chicago, 1963).
The source of this collection is unknown.
This volume is an orderly book used by a group of artillery brigades camped near Chester (Orange County), New York from July 1 to November 18, 1779. This group was composed of three of the four artillery brigades in the Continental Army: Colonel Charles Harrison’s 1st Artillery Brigade, Colonel John Lamb’s 2nd Artillery Brigade, and Colonel John Crane’s 3rd Artillery Brigade.
An orderly book is usually kept by the orderly sergeant or aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders. There is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop formations, guard duty, repair of arms, and court marshal proceedings.
For other orderly books see:
Processed by Luis Delfino, June 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society