Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton’s Additional Regiment
Orderly book, 1776-1802, 0.15 linear feet / 1 volume
Call Number: MG 224
Contains orders for Colonel Samuel Miles' 7th Pennsylvania State Rifle Regiment, May 16-July 29, 1776; brigade orders for troops in Brigadier General John Patton's Additional Continental Regiment. Also include financial accounts of an unidentified person. This book was possible kept by Laurence Keene, who served in Patton's Regiment and later was a aide-de-camp to General Thomas Mifflin.
Gift of Joseph P. Bradley, 1875.
The 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line was commanded by Colonel Samuel Miles (1740-1805) from March 13, 1776 until Miles was taken prisoner at the Battle of Long Island on August 27, 1776. From May-June 1776, the regiment advanced from Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania to Elizabeth, New Jersey on its way towards Long Island.
Colonel John Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment was formed in the spring of 1777 and, at the time covered by this volume, was camped at Middlebrook, New Jersey and engaged in the battles of Northern New Jersey. Hartley’s Additional Continental Regiment absorbed this regiment in January 1779.
Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).
The Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment:
Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment:
This volume was the gift of Joseph P. Bradley (1813-1892) in 1875.
This volume is an orderly book used by Samuel Miles’ 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line from May 16, 1776 until July 19, 1776, and then sporadically by Colonel John Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment from May 26,1777 to June 4, 1778. It was also used as an account book by an unidentified farmer in 1799 and by an unidentified apothecary from 1800-1802.
An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders; there is usually one for each company. This volume was probably kept by Laurence Keene (fl. 1776-1778), who served in Samuel Miles’ 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line, Colonel John Patton’s Additional Continental Regiment, and later became an aide-de-camp to General Thomas Mifflin (1745-1800). Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formation, rations of food and rum, and court marshal proceedings.
Orders were issued at the following locations:
For other orderly books see:
Processed by Luis Delfino, April 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society