Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade
Orderly book, 1780, 0.1 linear feet / 1 volume
Call Number: MG 227
Kept at West Point, New York by John Ross, Brigade Major and Inspector, October 10-30, 1780. Comprising the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd New Jersey Regiments, the Jersey Brigade was then commanded by Colonel Elias Dayton (1737-1807).
The Jersey Brigade was formed in December 1775 under Colonel William "Scotch Willie" Maxwell. Among the campaigns in which the brigade participated were those at Quebec, Short Hills, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, the Iroquois Expedition, Connecticut Farms, Springfield, and Yorktown.
After having fought in the Battle of Springfield on June 23, 1780, the Jersey Brigade was sent to several posts to protect the New Jersey side of the Hudson from British incursions. In October they camped at West Point in anticipation of remaining there for the winter, but instead were ordered to take up winter quarters in Pompton, New Jersey. Colonel William Maxwell resigned from service before the end of October 1780.
The fortifications at West Point, New York were always seen as vital to the survival of the revolutionary cause. Located on easily defended high cliffs over the Hudson River, this post prevented British troops and supplies from moving between the loyalist Hudson Valley and New York City. By September 1780, Benedict Arnoldís plot to surrender West Point to the British had been foiled, and the main body of the Continental Army was encamped for the winter in the Hudson Highlands.
Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).
The source of this collection is unknown.
This volume is an orderly book used by Captain John Ross (fl. 1775-1782) of the Jersey Brigade at their headquarters in West Point, New York from October 10-30, 1780. An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders, and there is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formation, procurement of uniforms, repair of arms, rations of food and rum, court marshal proceedings, and civilian complaints.
For other orderly books see:
Processed by Luis Delfino, May 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.
The New Jersey Historical Society