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-- Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly book, 1780

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Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade

Orderly book, 1780, 0.1 linear feet / 1 volume

Call Number: MG 227


Summary:

Kept at West Point, New York by John Ross, Brigade Major and Inspector, October 10-30, 1780.  Comprising the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd New Jersey Regiments, the Jersey Brigade was then commanded by Colonel Elias Dayton (1737-1807).

 

Historical Note:

The Jersey Brigade was formed in December 1775 under Colonel William "Scotch Willie" Maxwell.  Among the campaigns in which the brigade participated were those at Quebec, Short Hills, Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, the Iroquois Expedition, Connecticut Farms, Springfield, and Yorktown.

After having fought in the Battle of Springfield on June 23, 1780, the Jersey Brigade was sent to several posts to protect the New Jersey side of the Hudson from British incursions.  In October they camped at West Point in anticipation of remaining there for the winter, but instead were ordered to take up winter quarters in Pompton, New Jersey.  Colonel William Maxwell resigned from service before the end of October 1780.

The fortifications at West Point, New York were always seen as vital to the survival of the revolutionary cause.  Located on easily defended high cliffs over the Hudson River, this post prevented British troops and supplies from moving between the loyalist Hudson Valley and New York City.  By September 1780, Benedict Arnoldís plot to surrender West Point to the British had been foiled, and the main body of the Continental Army was encamped for the winter in the Hudson Highlands.

Sources:

http://www.nps.gov/vafo/HISTORY/rwtimeline.htm

Boatner III, Mark Mayo, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, (David McKay, New York, 1966).

http://shreve.mcls.kent.edu/shrevefamily/FamousShreves/IsraelShreve/IsraelShreveHistoryof2ndJersey.html

 

Provenance Note:

The source of this collection is unknown.

 

Scope and Content Note:

This volume is an orderly book used by Captain John Ross (fl. 1775-1782) of the Jersey Brigade at their headquarters in West Point, New York from October 10-30, 1780.  An orderly book is usually used by the orderly sergeants or the aide de camp to enter general and regimental orders, and there is usually one for each company. Typical orders recorded regard troop movements and formation, procurement of uniforms, repair of arms, rations of food and rum, court marshal proceedings, and civilian complaints.

 

Related Collections:

For other orderly books see:

Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 94, Elias Dayton (1737-1807) Papers

Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton's Additional Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 229, The New Jersey State Troops Military record book

Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard's Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 229, The New Jersey State Troops Record book

Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heardís Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book

Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Revolutionary War surgeon, Journal and Orderly book

Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

 

Processed by Luis Delfino, May 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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