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-- Manuscript Group 229, New Jersey State Troops Military record book, 1781-1786 (Bulk date: 1781-1782)

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Manuscript Group 229, New Jersey State Troops

Military record book, 1781-1786 (Bulk date: 1781-1782), 0.15 linear feet / 1 volume

Call Number: MG 229


Summary:

Book of orders and quartermaster's accounts kept by John Speer, a lieutenant in the Essex County Militia and in Captain John Craig's Company, New Jersey State Troops.  The orders were issued July 17 - December 4, 1781.

 

Historical Note:

Throughout 1781, the main body of the Continental Army was encamped in the Hudson Highlands.  The New Jersey State Troops were a separate entity organized and financed by the New Jersey State Assembly for the defense of the boundaries of the state.  During the period of time covered early in this volume, Captain John Craig’s Company of the New Jersey State Troops left their camp in Dobbs Ferry, New York crossed the border and by December 4, 1781 had advanced Connecticut Farms (now Union Township) to Newark.  This was a time of gradual British retreat to their coastal strongholds.

Captain John Craig’s company was part of Major Samuel Hayes’ (1728-1811) Battalion of the First Essex Regiment of the New Jersey State Troops.  Lieutenant John Speer (1754-1818) kept orderly and financial records for the Company.

Sources:

Striker, William S., Official Register of Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolutionary War (Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1967).

http://www.nps.gov/vafo/HISTORY/rwtimeline.htm

http://members.aol.com/combatus/amerrev.html

 

Provenance Note:

The source of this collection is unknown.

 

Scope and Content Note:

This volume is a military record book kept by lieutenant John Speer of Captain John Craig’s Company of the Essex County Militia from 1781-1786.  The volume consists of quartermaster’s accounts dating from 1781-1786 and an orderly book dating from 1781.  Typical entries in the quartermaster’s account portion of this volume regard money owed to individual soldiers, the number of rations distributed, and provisions purchased.  Among the entries is a list of thirty names entitled "Names of Men intitled (sic) to the prize taken at Newark."

Entries in the orderly book portion of this volume include brigade orders, garrison orders, and regimental orders, and were issued from Dobbs Ferry, New York; Connecticut Farms, New Jersey; and Newark, New Jersey from July 17-December 4, 1781.  Typical orders regard troop movements and formation, rations of food and rum, and court marshal proceedings.

 

Related Collections:

Manuscript Group 525, Essex County Militia, Second Regiment Record book

For other orderly books see:

Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton's Additional Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 230, New Jersey Militia, Nathaniel Heard’s Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Revolutionary War surgeon, Journal and Orderly book

Manuscript Group 257, Second Dragoon Regiment, Continental Army Orderly book

 

Processed by Luis Delfino, May 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Submit a request to copy part of this collection

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