--
Back to Home
Home
Who We Are
Visit Us
Explore Our Collections
Selections From The NJHS Collections
Museum: Artifact Collections
Archives: Documents, Manuscripts, & Photographs
Library: Published Books, Periodicals, & Maps
Other Resources
Do History
For Teachers
Get Involved
--
-- Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Military surgeon Journal and Orderly Book, 1779-1822

Archives

Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs

Manuscript Group 233, Jabez Campfield (1737-1821), Military surgeon

Journal and Orderly Book, 1779-1822, 1 volume

Call Number: MG 233


Summary:

Journal kept as a surgeon in Colonel Oliver Spencer's Additional Regiment during Major General John Sullivan's expedition against the Indians, May23-October 2, 1779; orderly book kept by William Campfield as commanding officer of the Morris County Squadron, New Jersey Cavalry, June 28, 1798-August 24, 1807.  The volume also includes a list of banks in the United States in 1812, including capital assets, and records relating to Campfield's farm in 1822.  The journal is printed in NJHS Proceedings, Series 2, Vol. 3 (1873): 115-136; Frederick Cook, comp., Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan against the Six Nations of Indians in 1779... (Auburn, NY, 1887), pgs. 52-61.

Gift of Edmund D. Halsey, 1873.

 

Biographical Note:

Dr. Jabez Campfield (born in Newark), a graduate from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University, 1759), studied medicine with Newark doctor William Burnet, and entered the army as Senior Surgeon on Dr. Burnet’s staff.  He married Sarah Ward, of Newark, and practiced medicine in Morristown where he owned Campfield Farm, until his death.  He was Surrogate of Morris County from its beginnings (1784-1804) and founder of the Morris County Agricultural Society.  His only child, William, also a Princeton graduate (1784) and member of the New Jersey Medical Society (1788), survived his father by only three years (died 1824).

 

Provenance Note:

This volume was the gift of Edmund D. Halsey, 1873.

 

Scope and Content Note:

Narrative journal kept by Dr. Jabez Campfield, a surgeon in Captain Oliver Spencer’s Regiment, when he accompanied Major General John Sullivan’s Expedition against the Indians into Western Pennsylvania and New York, May 23 - October 2, 1779.  Journal entries begin when Dr. Campfield left Morristown May 23rd  and three days later joined the command consisting of the 2nd New York Regiment and Spencer’s New Jersey Regiment at Tunkhanna.  He returned to his house on Oct. 2nd “having travelled continually on the way every day since the 15th September from Genessee.”

Describes landscape, geography and weather, including reports of hardship from travel: “several of our cattle & pack horses fell & were killed,” “fighting happens seldom, but fatigue, hunger, cold & heat are constantly varying his distress.”  There are several descriptions of Indian life - their houses, amounts of corn, their settlements.  Also, accounts of army supplies, the wounded men, tactical approaches, and destruction of the Indian’s corn.

In the same volume is an Orderly Book (June 19, 1798 - August 24, 1807) kept by his son, Captain William Campfield, during his term as Commander of the Morris Squadron New Jersey Cavalry. “Return of fines from the Captains” heads each page with  troop numbers and captains names listed with monetary amounts.

The volume includes a list of banks in the United States in 1812, including capital assets, as well as a record relating to Campfield’s farm in 1822.  It lists the fruits and vegetables planted daily, pertinent weather conditions and  names of field hands.

The journal is printed in NJHS Proceedings, ser. 2, 3 (1873): 115-36; Frederick Cook, comp., Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan against the Six Nations of Indians in 1779…(Auburn, N.Y., 1887), pp. 52-61.

 

Related Collections:

Manuscript Group 482, Allen/Alling-Campfield Family (Newark, NJ) Papers

For other orderly books see:

Manuscript Group 91, First Continental Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 222, Francis Barber (1750-1783), Officer, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 223, Continental Artillery Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 224, 7th Rifle Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line / Patton's Additional Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 225, Continental Army Artillery Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 226, First New Jersey Continental Regiment Orderly book

Manuscript Group 227, Jersey Brigade Orderly book

Manuscript Group 228, Alexander Scammell (1747-1781), Adjutant General in the Continental Army, Orderly book

Manuscript Group 229, The New Jersey State Troops Military record book

Manuscript Group 230, Nathaniel Heard's Brigade, New Jersey Militia Record book

Submit a request to copy part of this collection

back




The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place - Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 596-8500 - Fax: (973) 596-6957
Contact NJHS
Copyright © 2001, The New Jersey Historical Society
Our Privacy Policy - Site Map

 

-- --

 

Search JerseyHistory.org:


Search Archives:

Browse the Archives

--

Title Line: