Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs
Manuscript Group 242, William Pierson (1796-1882), Sheriff of Essex County, NJ
Record books, 1850-1859, 6 volumes
Call Number: MG 242
Financial records, dockets of writs and executions kept by Dr. William Pierson as sheriff of Essex County, New Jersey. Volumes are indexed. Licensed to practice medicine in 1820, Pierson was also active in local politics. He was member of the state assembly and served as first mayor of Orange, New Jersey.
William Pierson (1796-1882) was an Orange (Essex Co.) physician active in local government and politics. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton Univeristy) in 1816, studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the College of Physicians and Surgeons (N.Y.), and was licensed by the Medical Society of New Jersey in 1820. Following his father, Dr. Isaac Pierson (1770-1833), also an Orange physician and sheriff , Dr. William Piersons civic service included: membership in the New Jersey State Legislature, 1837-1838; sheriff of Essex Co., 1846-1850; and first mayor of Orange. Dr. William Pierson married Margaret Hillyer. Their son, William Pierson, Jr. (1830-1900) continued the family tradition as a prominent physician in Orange.
The record books (1850-1859, with gaps) consist of financial records, dockets of writs and executions kept by Dr. William Pierson as Sheriff of Essex County. They include: two volumes of common law and chancery execution cases brought before the Essex County Circuit Court and the New Jersey Superior Court (Essex Co.) regarding: judgments, legal damages, costs taxed, property owed, interests accrued, costs of execution and docketing, mortgaged premises and sales of property; and references to Amzi Dodd (1823-1913), a Newark attorney. Other volumes, a daybook and ledger, are daily account registers of cases brought before the court, listing court and attorney expenses and payments; two volumes of personal and real estate auction sales held by the sheriffs office with itemized lists of property, goods (i.e. candlesticks, cow, wardrobe), purchasers names and payments. They also contain pasted-in advertisements of each auction sale with names of defendants (1850-1859). The six volumes bear the stationers label of Benjamin Olds, a Newark printer.
There are additional Essex County government records in:
The New Jersey Historical Society