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-- Manuscript Group 343, William Gould (fl. 1794), Militia Officer Diary, 1794


Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs

Manuscript Group 343, William Gould (fl. 1794), Militia Officer

Diary, 1794, 0.05 linear feet / 1 volume

Call Number: MG 343


Concerns military expedition into western Pennsylvania to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion.  Gould served from September 3 to December 24, 1794 as Major, 1st Battalion, Capt. Isaiah Wool's Company of Infantry, 2nd Regiment, New Jersey Detached Militia.

Gift of Lucius D. Baldwin, ca. 1847.


Historical Note:

The seeds of the Pennsylvania Insurrection, or the Whiskey Rebellion, were planted with the passing of laws in 1791 placing excise taxes on the distilled liquor.  The taxes angered the inhabitants of western Pennsylvania and led them to harass Deputy Inspectors of the United States and other federal officials in that region.  In May of 1794, Congress called for militias to be raised to deal with the insurrection and asked for 4,318 New Jerseyans.  The militias were to be raised from existing militias and when needed from the conscription of able-bodied men as young as 18 years of age.  The militia men served three month long tours of duty and were paid the same as United States Army regulars.  Militia units from four states including New Jersey and Pennsylvania were sent to western Pennsylvania and quelled the rebellion in the fall of 1794.


Biographical Note:

William Gould (fl. 1794) was a major in the First Battalion, Second Regiment of the New Jersey ‘Detached’ Militia and took part in the Pennsylvania Expedition from September 3, 1794 until he was discharged on December 24, 1794.


Records of Officers and Men of New Jersey in Wars: 1791-1815 (Trenton, New Jersey: State Gazette Publishing, 1909).

Encyclopedia Americana, Vol. 28 (New York, New York: Americana Corporation, 1972).


Provenance Note:

This collection was the gift of Lucius Baldwin, circa 1847.


Scope and Content Note:

This diary kept by William Gould in 1794, measures 0.05 linear feet.  In the initial pages of the diary Gould transcribed the words of a song about the Jersey Blues; the master roll of the Second Regiment of the New Jersey Infantry on October 20, 1794; and orders from General Anthony White.  In his daily entries Gould describes the terrain, the towns, the attitudes of the people, and the number of miles marched.  On Friday, October 3, 1794, Gould notes that he, Major Isaac Kipp (fl. 1794), and Colonel Jonathan Forman (fl. 1794) were invited to dine with President George Washington in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.


Processed by James Lewis, June 2001 as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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