TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Creator:||Dayton, Elias, 1737-1807.|
|Title:||Elias Dayton (1737-1807), Revolutionary War Officer Papers|
|Abstract:||Correspondence with Philip Schuyler, Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, George Washington, and others; military commissions; returns of New Jersey regiments; accounts of the battles of Brandywine and Germantown, as well as of the siege of Yorktown; journal kept on the expedition against the Indians near Detroit in 1764.|
|Quantity:||0.5 linear feet|
|Collection Number:||MG 94|
Elias Dayton (1737-1807) was a merchant in Elizabeth, New Jersey. In 1756, he became a lieutenant in the Jersey Blues, a colonial militia that fought in the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763). He was later present at the signing of the peace treaty with the Native American Chief Pontiac outside Detroit, Michigan in 1764. In 1776, Dayton was appointed colonel of the Third New Jersey Regiment of Foot, also known as the Third Battalion, New Jersey Line, in the Continental Army. His unit was stationed at Albany in May 1776; in the fall of 1776 the unit built Fort Schuyler (Rome, N.Y.) and Fort Dayton (Herkimer, N.Y.) and fought off Indian raids from Johnstown and German Flats before returning to Morristown, New Jersey in March of 1777. Dayton and his unit saw action at Bound Brook, Staten Island, and Brandywine in 1777-1778, defended New Jersey from British raids in 1779, and fought at the siege of Yorktown in 1781. On January 3, 1783, Dayton was promoted to Brigadier-General and on November 3, 1783 the unit was discharged. On June 5, 1799, the State of New Jersey promoted Dayton to Major General of the Second Division of Militia.
The collection consists of one volume containing the papers of Elias Dayton dating from 1759-1783. The volume is entitled "List of Papers Sent by A. D. Dayton to the New Jersey Historical Society, May 8, 1850" and contains a number of Elias Dayton’s promotions; a journal documenting his time with the New Jersey Blues; notes detailing the battles of Brandywine, Germantown and the siege of Yorktown; and sketches of the deployment of the armies at Germantown, and Yorktown. The papers also include letters of Captain Charles Argill, George Washington, General Schuyler, and Jeffery Amherst. These letters discuss such topics as: permission for Argill to return to England and military orders. Most of these papers were reprinted in Vol. 1, Nos. 5 and 9 of the Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society.
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
|The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.|
|Amherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron, 1717-1797.|
|Argill, Charles, Captain.|
|Dayton, Elias, 1737-1807.|
|Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804.|
|Steuben, Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin, Baron von, 1730-1794.|
|Washington, George, 1732-1799.|
|United States. Continental Army.|
|United States. Continental Army. New Jersey Regiment, Third.|
|Brandywine, Battle of, Pa., 1777.|
|Command of troops.|
|Germantown, Battle of, Philadelphia, Pa., 1777.|
|Military maneuvers--United States.|
|Yorktown (Va.)--History--Siege, 1781.|
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 94, Elias Dayton, Revolutionary War Officer Papers, The New Jersey Historical Society.
Gift of Aaron Ogden Dayton, 1850.
|1||1||Single volume of Elias Dayton papers||1759-1783|
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