Guide to the James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General Papers1761-1819

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Arrangement

Restrictions

Access Points

Related Material

Administrative Information

Series Descriptions and Container List

Series 1: Correspondence, 1777-1782, n. d.

Series 2: Business Records, 1776-1781.

Series 3: Personal finances, 1761-1819.

Guide to the James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General Papers1761-1819MG 110Inventory prepared by Kim Charlton as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Guide to the James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General Papers
1761-1819

MG 110



The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
(973) 596-8500 x249
© 2005 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Kim Charlton as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. December 2005. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Abeel, James, 1733-1825.
Title: James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General Papers Records
Dates:1761-1819
Abstract: Correspondence and records of James Abeel, primarily concerning his service as Deputy Quartermaster General, New Jersey Continental Line. Prior to being assigned to his post, Abeel was an officer in the First Battalion, New York City Militia.
Quantity: 0.5 linear feet
Collection Number: MG 110

Biographical Note

James Abeel (1733-1825) was born and raised in New York City where he pursued a commercial career as a young man. During the American Revolution, he served in the First Battalion of the New York City Militia, the Continental Army, and by 1777, as deputy quartermaster general at Morristown, New Jersey. He dealt with the Continental Army’s provisions during their two Morristown encampments, the Middlebrook and Pluckemin encampments, and Valley Forge.

After the war, Abeel and his wife, Gertrude, secured profits from Revolutionary War certificates and acquired land in Washington County, New York.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of 0.5 linear feet of correspondence, quartermaster records, and personal financial documents dating from 1761-1819. The collection documents the process by which the Continental Army was provisioned in and from New Jersey, especially during the years 1777-1781. It records the kind and quantity of supplies needed, their price, suppliers, and mode of delivery. The post-war material provides information concerning the financial history of New York during the 1780s and 1790s, especially through the exchange of war certificates and investment in real estate.

Includes correspondence of: William Alexander, Lord Stirling; Nathanael Greene; William Barber; William Maxwell; J. Burnet; John Mitchell; Richard Claiborne; Robert Morris (1734-1806); Solomon Myers Cohen; John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg; John Cox; Samuel Ogden; Philemon Dickerson; George Olney; John Jacob Faesch; Charles Pettit; Robert Forsyth; Jacob Weiss; and Mordecai Gist.

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Arrangement

The papers are organized into three series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1777-1782, n. d.

Series 2: Business records, 1776-1778.

Series 3: Personal finances, 1761-1819.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Abeel, James, 1733-1825.
Alexander, William, 1726-1783.
Gist, Mordecai, 1742-1792.
Greene, Nathaniel, 1789-1841.
Morris, Robert, 1734-1806.
Muhlenberg, John Peter Gabriel, 1746-1807.
Washington, Martha, 1731-1802.
Subject Organizations.
United States. Continental Army.
United States. Continental Army--Equipment.
Subject Topics:
Acquisition of property--New York.
Armed forces--Officers.
Armies--Supplies.
Military camps--New Jersey.
Military supplies.
Quartermasters.
Subject Places:
Morristown (N.J.)
New York (N.Y.)
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Equipment and supplies.
Document Types:
Financial accounts.
Invoices.
Letters (Correspondence).
Receipts.

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Related Material

James Abeel's Letterbook, Call Number: E N 171 (Ely Collection)

Manuscript Group 163, Hugh Hughes (fl. 1782), Deputy Quartermaster of New York, Daybook

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 110, James Abeel (1733-1825), Deputy Quartermaster General Papers, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

The source of this collection is unknown.

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Series Descriptions and Container List

 

Series 1: Correspondence, 1777-1782, n. d.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of 14 folders of letters received by James Abeel during the years 1777-1782. The letters concern such issues as supplies, the cost of various items, and the needs of the troops (tents, horses, camp kettles, and so forth), as well as private reports on such events as the British evacuation of Rhode Island, and a visit to Martha Washington.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11James Abeel. Letters received 1777
12James Abeel. Letters received 1778
13James Abeel. Letters received 1778
14James Abeel. Letters received 1779
15James Abeel. Letters received 1779
16James Abeel. Letters received 1779
17James Abeel. Letters received 1779
18James Abeel. Letters received 1779
19James Abeel. Letters received 1780
110James Abeel. Letters received 1780
111James Abeel. Letters received 1780
112James Abeel. Letters received 1780
113James Abeel. Letters received 1781-1782
114James Abeel. Letters received n.d.

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Series 2: Business Records, 1776-1781.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of 7 folders of quartermaster records from the years 1776-1778. These items include receipts, accounts, and invoices for various services and supplies.

BoxFolderTitleDate
115James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1776
116James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1777
117James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1778
118James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1779
119James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1780
120James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1780
121James Abeel. Quartermaster’s records 1781

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Series 3: Personal finances, 1761-1819.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of 3 folders of documents that represent the financial activities of James Abeel as a private individual. These items include deeds, releases, and receipts; the sale of military rights, 1791; an account of payment for quit rents on the Cathoun patent, 1817; accounts of taxes paid by Abeel in various years; land surveys; and affidavits.

BoxFolderTitleDate
122James Abeel. Personal finances 1761-1787
123James Abeel. Personal finances 1787-1797
124James Abeel. Personal finances n.d.-1819

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