TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Title:||Leddel Family (Mendham, NJ) Records|
|Abstract:||Account books and receipts of Dr. William Leddel (1747-1827); daybooks, a memorandum book, and letters of Dr. John W. Leddel (ca. 1784-1865); and account books, daybooks, and a check book of Samuel W. Leddel (1810-1875), who owned a general store and grist mill in Mendham, New Jersey. Also contains a daybook and account book from Samuel W. Leddel's estate.|
|Quantity:||3.5 linear feet|
|Collection Number:||MG 119|
William Leddel, Jr., the son of William Leddel, a French naval surgeon who settled in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, was born in 1747. Upon his father’s death in 1766, William Jr. moved to Mendham, New Jersey and apprenticed himself to Dr. Ebenezer Blachy. He established himself as a physician and practiced in Mendham for the remainder of his life.
Leddel was also active in military matters, serving as a lieutenant in the Morris County Troop of Light Horse during the Revolution. He participated in the Battles of Connecticut Farms and Springfield and in the retreat of George Washington from New York. He also used his medical skills to tend to Washington’s troops during their stay in Morristown in the winter of 1779-1780. Later, he was a major in the forces that put down the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 and served as a captain of Cavalry during the War of 1812. He served two terms as Morris County’s sheriff from 1783-1785 and tried small cases before the Justices of the Peace.
In addition, sometime prior to the American Revolution, William Leddel probably either acquired or built a sawmill in southern Mendham on the upper branch of the Passaic River in Jockey Hollow. This mill was replaced by a larger sawmill, woodturning mill, and gristmill, known as Leddel Mill; and seems to have remained in the family for a number of generations.
William Leddel married Phebe Wick, the daughter of Henry Wick, and they settled at Washington Corner on a part of the Wick tract in Mendham. It was here that they raised their five children: Eliza, Tempe, Henry (d.1799), Mary, and John (ca.1784-1865). Dr. William Leddel died in Mendham on August 9, 1827 at the age of eighty.
John W. Leddel, the son of Phebe and William Leddel, was born in Mendham around 1784. He studied medicine under his father’s guidance and started practicing in his hometown at the age of eighteen. Like his father, he practiced medicine in Mendham throughout his lifetime. In 1805 he married Jemima Wills (d.1865), the daughter of Samuel Wills, and together they had six children. Dr. John W. Leddel died on April 15, 1865 at the age of eighty-one.
Samuel Wills Leddel, the second son of Jemima and John W. Leddel, was born in 1810. He graduated from Union College in 1831 and although he studied medicine, he seems to have run a general store and gristmill in Mendham. On September 3, 1849, he married Emma Louisa Halsey (1817-1891), with whom he had three children: Alexander, Sarah Tempe (b.1855), and Samuel Frederick (1857-1891). He died in 1875.
The records consist of the account books and daybooks of Dr. William Leddel, Dr. John W. Leddel, and Samuel W. Leddel. The record books date from 1785-1878 and track the practices of both doctors and of Samuel W. Leddel’s general store and gristmill. The volumes have been organized into three series, one for each man, and then arranged by record type and date. The records contain documents with alternate spellings of the name Leddel, including Leddell and Leddle.
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|The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.|
|Leddel, John W., ca. 1784-1865.|
|Leddel, Samuel W., 1810-1875.|
|Leddel, William, 1747-1827.|
|Dry goods--New Jersey--Mendham.|
|General stores--New Jersey--Mendham.|
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 119, Leddel Family (Mendham, NJ) Records, The New Jersey Historical Society.
Donated, in part, by Margaret L. Ramsden, 1981.
Hopler, Martha G., Edward W. Rossler, Wallace G. West. The Mendhams (Mayor’s Tercentary Committee: Brookside, NJ, 1964), pgs. 25, 107, 111, 138.
McGregor, R.W. David. History of Freemasonry in New Jersey 1787-1937, pgs. 77-78.
Wickes, Stephen. History of Medicine in New Jersey and of its Medical Men (Martin R. Dennis & Co.: Newark, NJ, 1879), pgs. 312-314.
|1||William Leddel Account book - Ledger E||1785-1819|
|2||William Leddel Account book - Ledger F||1788-1826|
|3||1||John W. Leddel Daybook||1800|
|3||2||John W. Leddel Daybook||1806-1808|
|3||3||John W. Leddel Memorandum book||1816-1817|
|3||4||John W. Leddel Letters from Elias Van Arsdale (9 letters)||1817-1821|
|3||5||William Leddel Bills and Receipts||1791-1827, n.d.|
|3||6||Samuel W. Leddel Check book with the First National Bank of Morristown||1870-1878|
|3||7||Samuel W. Leddel Estate Daybook and Account book (1 volume)||1875-1876|
|4||John W. Leddel Daybook||1823-1831|
|5||John W. Leddel Daybook; Samuel Liddel Account Book||1830-1833; 1867-1873|
|6||Samuel W. Leddel Account book (store); Daybook (store, in the back of the volume)||1835-1840; 1839-1845|
|7||Samuel W. Leddel Account book (store)||1838-1845|
|8||Samuel W. Leddel Account book (store)||1845-1855|
|9||Samuel W. Leddel Account book (mill)||1852-1866|
|10||Samuel W. Leddel Account book Ledger C (store)||1859-1873|
|11||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (store)||1835-1838|
|12||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (store)||1841-1844|
|13||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (store)||1844-1846|
|14||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (store)||1846-1848|
|15||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (store)||1848-1852|
|16||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (mill)||1848-1863|
|17||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (mill)||1852-1861|
|18||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (mill)||1861-1863|
|19||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (mill and store)||1862-1867|
|20||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (mill)||1862-1867|
|21||Samuel W. Leddel Daybook (mill)||1863-1865|
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