Guide to the Ringwood Company Supply Store, Ringwood, NJ Record Book 1760-1764MG 160

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

Restrictions

Access Points

Related Material

Administrative Information

Bibliography

Container List

Account Book

Guide to the Ringwood Company Supply Store, Ringwood, NJ Record Book 1760-1764MG 160Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Guide to the Ringwood Company Supply Store, Ringwood, NJ Record Book

1760-1764

MG 160



The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
(973) 596-8500 x249
© 2006 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Luis Delfino as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Julia Telonidis. January 2006. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Ringwood Company Supply Store (Ringwood, N.J.)
Title: Ringwood Company Supply Store, Ringwood, NJ Record Book
Dates:1760-1764
Abstract: Financial accounts kept in Newark, New Jersey for a supply store associated with the Ringwood Company ironworks. Includes a name index. The company was established in 1742 by five members of Newark's Ogden family. Located in Passaic County, the ironworks were operated until 1764 by the Ringwood Company, and later by Peter Hasenclever and by Robert Erskine as an agent for the American Iron Company.
Quantity: 0.3 linear feet (1 volume)
Collection Number: MG 160

Historical Note

Cornelius Board (d. 1745) found iron ore in 1739 in Bergen County (now Passaic County), New Jersey while searching for deposits of copper ore, and built a small forge on the north branch of the Pequannock River. Board sold the tract of 16 acres on April 15, 1740 to five members of the Ogden family of Newark, New Jersey: Colonel Josiah Ogden (ca. 1679-1763); David Ogden, Sr. (1707-1798); David Ogden, Jr. (1726-1801); John Ogden, Jr. (1709-1795); and Judge Uzal Ogden (1705-1780). The Ogdens, in partnership with Samuel and Nicholas Gouveneur, formed The Ringwood Company and built a furnace in 1742. The company produced ammunition for the Seven Years’ War and the French and Indian War and produced finished goods such as plowshares and cannonballs as well as iron bars. The Ogdens ran the company from offices in Newark and New York City until they sold it to the American Iron Company in 1764. Peter Hasenclever (1716-1793) managed the operation as an agent for the company until he was eventually replaced first by John Jacob Faesch (1729-1799) in 1769, and then by Robert Erskine (1735-1780) in 1771.

Robert Erskine sided with the colonies at the outbreak of the Revolution and used the Ringwood facility to further the cause of independence. Because of its remoteness from the enemy, Ringwood was the only permanent barracks for revolutionary troops in New Jersey, and its forges supplied much needed ammunition and weapons.

At the age of 46, Erskine died in 1780 of a cold caught while mapping for the army, and management of Ringwood passed into the hands of his widow Elizabeth and her new husband Robert Lettis Hooper, Jr. The deed to Ringwood was still held by the English-owned American Iron Company, so in 1782, the couple petitioned the legislature for a special Confiscation Act to get title to the mines and furnaces. Though the petition was only partially granted, Hooper put the company up for sale in 1783. Ringwood lay idle until Martin J. Ryerson (1752-1837) purchased it from the sheriff of Bergen County for unpaid taxes and ran it profitably until his death in 1837. Ringwood was expanded under Ryerson’s management, and it supplied the war effort of 1812. His sons ran the company until their bankruptcy and it was sold in 1853, again under sheriff’s deed, to Peter Cooper (1791-1883), the inventor and philanthropist. Abram Stevens Hewitt (1822-1903), Cooper’s son-in-law and partner in Cooper, Hewitt, and Company, was brought in as business manager of the operation. The Ringwood site supplied the Union Army with gun carriages, mortars, and gun barrel iron nearly at cost during the Civil War. Upon the death of Cooper, who had purchased nearly 100,000 acres to expand the Ringwood properties, title passed to Hewitt who built in 1878 the estate called Ringwood Manor by adding on to the house built by Ryerson.

As better grades of ore became available from mines in Minnesota and Michigan in the 1880s, the operation at Ringwood began to falter. The Hewitt family kept Ringwood in production until 1931 when the site was abandoned. In 1936, Erskine Hewitt (1878-1838) donated Ringwood Manor and 95 acres of land to the New Jersey State Department of Conservation and Development for public use and preservation as Ringwood Manor State Park. Norvin H. Green (d.1955), a nephew of Erskine Hewitt, donated additional land to bring the total park acreage to 579. The park has been opened to the public since 1938 and contains the sites of the ironworks that were in operation since the management of Robert Erskine.

After unsuccessful attempts to rehabilitate the mines in 1942, 1947, and 1951, Ford Motor Company purchased the mines and land in 1964. From 1967-1972, Ford used the abandoned shafts of Peter’s Mine and Cannon Mine to dispose waste from the nearby Mahwah auto plant, and in 1970, donated 290 acres in the southern part of the site to the Ringwood Solid Waste Management Authority for the operation of a municipal disposal area. The site was closed by the state in 1976 because of contamination of groundwater, surface streams, and the nearby Wanaque Reservoir. Ringwood was placed on the Environmental Protection Agency’s list of sites eligible for Superfund cleanup in 1983 and financial responsibility for the cleanup was given to Ford International Services, who started on the project. Although monitoring of ground and surface water continues, the Ringwood mining site was removed from the Superfund list in 1994.

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Scope and Content Note

Although the original owners never labeled this volume, it appears to be an account book for a supply store located in Newark, New Jersey that was associated with the Ringwood Company. Entries date from 1760-1764 and document the sale of iron bars, tea, rum, and provisions. The volume contains accounts with members of the Alling, Baldwin, Dodd, and Ryerson families and is indexed.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

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Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Erskine, Robert, 1735-1780.
Ogden Family.
Subject Organizations:
American Iron Company.
Ringwood Company (Ringwood, N.J.)
Subject Topics:
Dry goods--New Jersey--Ringwood.
Iron-works--New Jersey--Ringwood.
Stores--New Jersey--Ringwood.
Subject Places:
Essex County (N.J.)
Newark (N.J.)
Passaic County (N.J.)
Ringwood (N.J.)
Document Types:
Account Books.

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Related Material

For related collections at the New Jersey Historical Society, see:

Manuscript Group 199, Robert Erskine (1735-1780) Papers

Manuscript Group 249, Canfield-Dickerson Family (Morris County, NJ) Papers

Manuscript Group 452, Martha Furnace Daybook

Manuscript Group 740, Great King Hole Mine Records

Manuscript Group 940, H. R. Beckwith (fl. 1943-1944), Engineer, Papers

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 160, Randolph Township, New Jersey Township Committee Minute Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

This volume was purchased by The New Jersey Historical Society, date unknown.

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Bibliography

Abram Hewitt Biographical File, The New Jersey Historical Society.

American National Biography. Vol. 10, pgs. 715-716.

Boyer, Charles S.Early Forges & Furnaces in New Jersey. (University of Pennsylvania Press: Philadelphia, 1931), pgs. 12-23.

Mining Subject File, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Ogden Family File, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Ringwood Vertical File, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Robert Erskine Biographical File, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Who Was Who in America. Historical Volume 1607-1896.

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Container List

 

Account Book

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Supply store record book1760-1764

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