TABLE OF CONTENTS
|Title:||Essex County, New Jersey Tax Office Account Book|
|Abstract:||Accounts kept by Silvanus Baldwin, James Clark, Isaac Longworth, John Ludlow, Francis Post, Thomas Post, and Derrick Vreeland - agents for the collection of county taxes and sinking funds, provincial taxes, and later state taxes. Among the communities indicated are Acquackanock (now Passaic), Connecticut Farms (now in Union Township), Elizabeth, Newark, Rahway, Springfield, and Westfield.|
|Quantity:||.02 linear feet (1 volume)|
|Collection Number:||MG 262|
The expense of maintaining the early colonial government was relatively slight, (roughly $10,000 as late as 1770) so consequently, property owners were not taxed heavily. The money supply was very low in the colonies, and the currency exchange of the various forms of cash was chaotic. In addition, a large portion of the trade within the colonies involved barter of agricultural products or skins, so the need for cash was low. Only possessions such as houses, livestock and improved property were taxed, not income or investments. The colonial governments also raised funds in times of need by issuing bonds, issuing paper money, and receiving credit from Great Britain.
Much of the anger that led to revolution was derived from measures such as the Stamp Act of 1665 and constraint of trade that effectively forced the colonies to finance the wars of an overextended Britain. After the Revolutionary War, however, the new government was heavily in debt, and the tax burden on the citizenry was not substantially reduced. Before long the government introduced new sources of revenue such as tariffs and tax stamps on legal documents to raise funds.
This volume contains the Essex County, New Jersey Tax Office accounts of tax collection agents dating from 1772-1780, and Samuel Hayes Congar’s notes for his Genealogical Notes of the First Settlers of Newark (1866).
The Essex County Tax Office account book tracks the accounts of the following collection agents: Sylvanus Baldwin (1721-1799) and Isaac Longworth (1726-1794) of Newark, Edward Thomas (fl. 1774-1775) of Elizabethtown (now named Elizabeth), James Clark (1745-1794) of Connecticut Farms (now named Union), John Ludlow (fl. 1773), Francis Post (fl. 1779-1780), and Derrick Vreeland (fl. 1773-1774) of Acquackanock (now named Passaic). Early in this volume, the sums collected were provincial taxes, but after the Revolutionary War, they became county and state property taxes. This volume documents taxes collected in Acquackanock, Connecticut Farms, Elizabethtown, Newark, Rahway, Springfield, and Westfield. These accounts occupy about a third of this volume, another third are the handwritten notes of Samuel Hayes Congar in pencil, and the remaining pages are blank.
Samuel Hayes Congar’s Genealogical Notes of the First Settlers of Newark was published in The New Jersey Historical Society Proceedings, volume 16, series I (1866) (call number N974.9 N4211 v6 supp).
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
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|The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.|
|Baldwin, Sylvanus, 1721-1799.|
|Clark, James, 1745-1794.|
|Congar, Samuel Hayes, 1796-1892.|
|Longworth, Isaac, 1726-1794.|
|Ludlow, John, fl. 1773.|
|Post, Francis, fl. 1779-1780.|
|Thomas, Edward, fl. 1774-1775.|
|Vreeland, Derrick, fl. 1773-1774.|
|Property tax--New Jersey.|
|Tax collection--New Jersey.|
|Essex County (N.J.)|
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 262, Essex County, New Jersey Tax Office Account Book, The New Jersey Historical Society.
The source of this collection is unknown.
Shaw, William H. History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, Vol. 1. (Everts & Peck, Philadelphia, 1884).
|1||1||Essex County Account Book||1772-1780|
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