TABLE OF CONTENTS
Governor of New Jersey
|Creator:||George F. Fort|
|Title:||George F. Fort Papers|
|Abstract:||The collection, spanning the years 1830-1863, documents the career of George F. Franklin, first as Governor of New Jersey and then, after having resumed his medical practice, as an active citizen in his local community.|
|Quantity:||0.10 linear feet (13 items)|
|Collection Number:||MG 1188|
George Franklin Fort was born in May 1809 in Pemberton, New Jersey. The eldest son of a wealthy farmer, Andrew Fort, he was educated in the common schools at Pemberton and at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. He graduated in 1830 and became a successful practitioner first in the office of Dr. Jacob Enghert and soon thereafter in the office of Dr. Charles Patterson in New Egypt, Monmouth County. While actively engaged in his medical practice, Fort was elected to the New Jersey State Senate from Monmouth County. By 1850 he was elected governor of New Jersey, serving two terms until 1854. During his tenure in office, Fort worked for social reform: his administration oversaw an increase in the funding for common school education, the creation of the ten-hour workday protecting child labor, and the passing of a homestead exemption act that made it impossible for a family's home to be sold for debts totaling less than $1,000.
After completing his second term as governor, Fort was appointed a judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals. Fort served a term, then retired from public life and returned to his medical practice. During this time he remained active in the community as a member of the prison reform committee, on the board of trustees at Bordentown Female College, and as a trustee of the Zoar Methodist Episcopal Church in New Egypt. He spent his remaining years writing a history of the Freemasons entitled, Early History and Antiquities of Freemasonry, published in 1875 three years after his death.
George F. Fort married Anna Marie Wright, the daughter of Samuel Wright, an iron manufacturer and Whig congressman, in 1830. He died on April 23, 1872. His nephew, John F. Fort, later followed in his uncle's footsteps serving as Governor of New Jersey from 1908-1910.
The collection, spanning the years 1830-1863, documents the career of George F. Franklin, first as Governor of New Jersey and then, after having resumed his medical practice, as an active citizen in his local community.
The collection consists primarily of certificates and commissions, including his certificate of election as Governor of New Jersey and the commissions he received after serving in that office. The commissions and notices of appointments include: a trusteeship of the State Normal School, an appointment as judge to the Court of Error and Appeals, a manager of the State Lunatic Asylum, and a master and examiner in the Chancery. A notice of appointment was awarded, too, by Fort to Charles M. King for the position of notary public.
Also included in the collection are his diplomas from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School and from the Medical Society of New Jersey, and well a printed copy of his 1852, Message of the Governor of New Jersey, to the Senate and House of Assembly, at the Commencement of the Session.
Documents in this collection were signed by Thomas S. Allison, William M. Force, Whitfield S. Johnson, William A. Newell, Charles S. Olden, and Joel Parker.
This collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material.
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
|The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.|
|Allison, Thomas S.|
|Force, William M.|
|Force, William M. Fort, George F. (George Franklin), 1809-1872.|
|Johnson, Whitfield Schaeffer.|
|Newell, William A. (William Augustus), 1817-1901.|
|Olden, Charles S. (Charles Smith), 1799-1876.|
|Parker, Joel, 1816-1888.|
|New Jersey. Court of Errors and Appeals.|
|University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.|
|New Jersey--Politics and government--1775-1865.|
For related materials to George F. Fort, see:
For materials related to other governors of New Jersey, see:
The items that make up this collection were previously a part of Manuscript Group 1; they were brought together to form a discrete collection in 1983.
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 1188, George F. Fort Papers, The New Jersey Historical Society.
Gift, in part, of Osmun Fort in 1987.
Certificates, Commissions, and Documents
|1||1||Certificate of Election: Governor of New Jersey||1850 Nov 26|
|1||1||Certificate of Election: Elector to vote for a President and Vice President of the United States||1856 Nov 25|
|1||2||Commencement program: University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine||1830 Mar 24|
|1||3||Commission: Trustee of the State Normal School||1859 Dec 19|
|DOS||1||Commission: Trustee of the State Normal School||1860 Mar 22|
|DOS||1||Commission: Trustee of the State Normal School||1861 Mar 15|
|DOS||1||Commission: Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals||1863 Mar 4|
|DOS||1||Diploma: University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine||1830|
|DOS||1||Diploma: Medical Society of New Jersey||1831|
|DOS||1||Notice of Appointment: Charles M. King appointed as Notary Public, signed by George F. Fort, Governor of New Jersey||1853|
|1||4||Notice of Appointment: Charles M. King appointed as Notary Public, signed by George F. Fort, Governor of New Jersey||1854 Mar 17|
|1||4||Notice of Appointment: Manager of the State Lunatic Asylum||1857 Feb|
|1||5||Printed Material: Message of the Governor of New Jersey, to the Senate and House of Assembly, at the Commencement of the Session||1852|
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