Guide to the Papers of George F. FortGovernor of New Jersey1830-1863MG 1188

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Arrangement

Restrictions

Access Points

Related Material

Administrative Information

Container List

Certificates, Commissions, and Documents

Guide to the Papers of George F. FortGovernor of New Jersey1830-1863MG 1188Inventory prepared by Danielle Kovacs as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Guide to the Papers of George F. Fort
Governor of New Jersey
1830-1863

MG 1188



The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Contact: NJHS Library
(973) 596-8500 x249
© 2004 All rights reserved.
The New Jersey Historical Society, Publisher
Inventory prepared by Danielle Kovacs as part of the "Farm to City" project funded by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Finding aid encoded by Danielle Kovacs. February 2004. Production of the EAD 2002 version of this finding aid was made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: George F. Fort
Title: George F. Fort Papers
Dates:1830-1863
Abstract: The collection, spanning the years 1830-1863, documents the career of George F. Franklin, first as Governor of New Jersey and then, after having resumed his medical practice, as an active citizen in his local community.
Quantity: 0.10 linear feet (13 items)
Collection Number: MG 1188

Biographical Note

George Franklin Fort was born in May 1809 in Pemberton, New Jersey. The eldest son of a wealthy farmer, Andrew Fort, he was educated in the common schools at Pemberton and at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. He graduated in 1830 and became a successful practitioner first in the office of Dr. Jacob Enghert and soon thereafter in the office of Dr. Charles Patterson in New Egypt, Monmouth County. While actively engaged in his medical practice, Fort was elected to the New Jersey State Senate from Monmouth County. By 1850 he was elected governor of New Jersey, serving two terms until 1854. During his tenure in office, Fort worked for social reform: his administration oversaw an increase in the funding for common school education, the creation of the ten-hour workday protecting child labor, and the passing of a homestead exemption act that made it impossible for a family's home to be sold for debts totaling less than $1,000.

After completing his second term as governor, Fort was appointed a judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals. Fort served a term, then retired from public life and returned to his medical practice. During this time he remained active in the community as a member of the prison reform committee, on the board of trustees at Bordentown Female College, and as a trustee of the Zoar Methodist Episcopal Church in New Egypt. He spent his remaining years writing a history of the Freemasons entitled, Early History and Antiquities of Freemasonry, published in 1875 three years after his death.

George F. Fort married Anna Marie Wright, the daughter of Samuel Wright, an iron manufacturer and Whig congressman, in 1830. He died on April 23, 1872. His nephew, John F. Fort, later followed in his uncle's footsteps serving as Governor of New Jersey from 1908-1910.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Content Note

The collection, spanning the years 1830-1863, documents the career of George F. Franklin, first as Governor of New Jersey and then, after having resumed his medical practice, as an active citizen in his local community.

The collection consists primarily of certificates and commissions, including his certificate of election as Governor of New Jersey and the commissions he received after serving in that office. The commissions and notices of appointments include: a trusteeship of the State Normal School, an appointment as judge to the Court of Error and Appeals, a manager of the State Lunatic Asylum, and a master and examiner in the Chancery. A notice of appointment was awarded, too, by Fort to Charles M. King for the position of notary public.

Also included in the collection are his diplomas from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School and from the Medical Society of New Jersey, and well a printed copy of his 1852, Message of the Governor of New Jersey, to the Senate and House of Assembly, at the Commencement of the Session.

Documents in this collection were signed by Thomas S. Allison, William M. Force, Whitfield S. Johnson, William A. Newell, Charles S. Olden, and Joel Parker.

Return to the Table of Contents


Arrangement

This collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.

Use Restrictions

Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.

The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.

Return to the Table of Contents


Access Points

The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, forms, and occupations documented in this collection.
Subject Names:
Allison, Thomas S.
Force, William M.
Force, William M. Fort, George F. (George Franklin), 1809-1872.
Johnson, Whitfield Schaeffer.
Newell, William A. (William Augustus), 1817-1901.
Olden, Charles S. (Charles Smith), 1799-1876.
Parker, Joel, 1816-1888.
Subject Organizations:
New Jersey. Court of Errors and Appeals.
University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine.
Subject Places:
New Jersey--History--1775-1865.
New Jersey--Politics and government--1775-1865.
Document Types:
Certificates.
Commissions.
Subject Occupations
Governors--New Jersey.
Physicians--New Jersey.
Politicians--New Jersey.

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

For related materials to George F. Fort, see:

Manuscript Group 32, Walter Dormitzer Autograph Collection

For materials related to other governors of New Jersey, see:

Manuscript Group 13, Mahlon Dickerson and Philemon Dickerson Papers

Manuscript Group 20, Peter D. Vroom Papers

Manuscript Group 30, Robert S. Green Papers

Manuscript Group 42, William Paterson Papers

Manuscript Group 84, Marcus L. Wade Papers

Manuscript Group 362, Abbett Leon Letters

Manuscript Group 363, George T. Werts Papers

Manuscript Group 377, Joseph Bloomfield Papers

Manuscript Group 1275, John Franklin Fort Papers

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Custodial History

The items that make up this collection were previously a part of Manuscript Group 1; they were brought together to form a discrete collection in 1983.

Preferred Citation

This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 1188, George F. Fort Papers, The New Jersey Historical Society.

Acquisition Information

Gift, in part, of Osmun Fort in 1987.

Return to the Table of Contents


Container List

 

Certificates, Commissions, and Documents

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Certificate of Election: Governor of New Jersey1850 Nov 26
11Certificate of Election: Elector to vote for a President and Vice President of the United States1856 Nov 25
12Commencement program: University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine1830 Mar 24
13Commission: Trustee of the State Normal School1859 Dec 19
BoxFolderTitleDate
DOS1Commission: Trustee of the State Normal School1860 Mar 22
DOS1Commission: Trustee of the State Normal School1861 Mar 15
DOS1Commission: Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals1863 Mar 4
DOS1Diploma: University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine 1830
DOS1Diploma: Medical Society of New Jersey1831
DOS1Notice of Appointment: Charles M. King appointed as Notary Public, signed by George F. Fort, Governor of New Jersey1853
14Notice of Appointment: Charles M. King appointed as Notary Public, signed by George F. Fort, Governor of New Jersey1854 Mar 17
14Notice of Appointment: Manager of the State Lunatic Asylum1857 Feb
15Printed Material: Message of the Governor of New Jersey, to the Senate and House of Assembly, at the Commencement of the Session1852

Return to the Top of Page

Submit a request to copy part of this collection

back

The New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place - Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 596-8500 - Fax: (973) 596-6957
Contact NJHS
Copyright © 2001, The New Jersey Historical Society
Our Privacy Policy - Site Map