TABLE OF CONTENTS
Series Descriptions and Container List
|Creator:||Orange Memorial Hospital (Orange, N.J.). School of Nursing.|
|Title:||Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (N.J.) Records|
|Abstract:||The records, 1882-1982, of the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (Orange, N.J.) document the nursing school primarily through the papers and photographs of its students and alumnae.|
|Quantity:||11.5 linear ft.|
|Collection Number:||MG 1381|
The Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (Orange, N.J.) was founded in 1882, through the efforts of Dr. Thomas W. Harvey. Originally known as the Orange Training School for Nurses, the school was established to meet staffing needs for a growing Orange Memorial Hospital. The Hospital, which had begun as the Memorial Hospital and Dispensary in a Lincoln Avenue firehouse in 1873, moved to a house with 12 beds at Lincoln and Minton Avenues in 1874. In 1882, a hospital building, able to accommodate 40 beds, was erected on Essex Avenue property donated by Joseph W. Stickler. The anticipated growth prompted Dr. Harvey and a Training School Committee to establish the school, pledging $12 each to finance the school for one year. The Committee, comprised primarily of women, managed the school's programs and finances.
The first Supervising Nurse, Mary Baker, was a graduate of the Charity Hospital of New York City. After several months, Anna G. Clement, a graduate of the New Haven Training School, took over as Supervising Nurse. The school was incorporated on December 1, 1884. The two-year course of instruction required student nurses to serve in the hospital wards and make home visits to the poor during their first year. In their second year, students were sent out on private cases at the discretion of the Training School Committee. Students were required to be between the ages of 20 and 40, strong and healthy, of good moral character, and able to read and write well. A clergyman's letter of recommendation was also needed. Near the turn of the century, the program was expanded to three years.
In 1895, training school graduates formed an alumnae association. One year later, the Orange Training School for Nurses Alumnae Association became one of the ten original members of the Nurses' Associated Alumnae of the United States and Canada, now the American Nurses' Association.
In the early 1900s, nursing students were required to spend a three-month residence at the Orange Settlement on Valley Street, as visiting nurses in the homes of the poor. For a short time, the school also operated a milk dispensary and an infirmary for contagious diseases. In 1906, the School was taken over by Orange Memorial Hospital and, in 1919, its name was officially changed from the Orange Training School to the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing. In 1940, the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing became the first nursing school in New Jersey to receive full accreditation from the National League for Nursing. The school was one of fifty in the nation selected to establish criteria for accreditation. In 1969, men were admitted to the nursing program for first time. The last class of the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing graduated in 1982.
Directors of the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing: Mary Baker 1882; Anna G. Clements 1882-1883; Gertrude Deyo Student-supervised during 1884; Emma Dascombe 1885; Mrs. C.H. Pike 1886-1887; Hanna W. Baker 1887-1890; Mrs. C.H. Pike 1891-1893; Anna A. Hintze 1893-1897; Fanny S. Smith 1897-1904; Rachel Metcalfe 1904-1906; Ms. M.B. Squire 1906-1907; Laura B. Illick 1907-1909; Grace E. Stamp 1910-1915; Bessie Millman 1916-1919; Ruth G. Clark 1920-1922; Margaret Ashmun 1923-1949; Margaret B. Allen 1949-1967; Grace Marie Howard 1967-1975; Katharine Britchford 1975-1983.
Records, 1882-1982, of the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (Orange, N.J.) document the nursing school primarily through the papers and photographs of its students and alumnae. The records, donated by the school's Alumnae Association, focus on the nursing students, through yearbooks, student newsletters, personal photographs, and alumnae event materials. Curriculum philosophy and development, accreditation, and administration of the school are documented in the collection, but primarily through annual reports and other printed materials, and then only peripherally.
Records are organized in eight series: Yearbooks, Annual Reports, Events, Photographs, Student Files, History, Alumnae Association Records, and Printed Materials. The records are distributed equally over the 100-year span of the collection. The formation and early years of the school are well documented, in annual reports, historical narratives and special publications, and photographs.
Yearbooks, the student newsletter The Chatterbox, and photographs, the bulk of which are from 1884-1930, are an especially rich source of information on student life and activities. Photographs, primarily informal snapshots, show students on social outings, at parties, and posing with groups of friends and hospital staff. The students are also shown on duty in the hospital, and in group class photographs. Yearbooks and the student newsletter, spanning eight decades, also convey information about women's changing manners and customs.
The collection also includes some Orange Memorial Hospital annual reports, by-laws, and a 100th anniversary program, as well as early by-laws and minutes of nursing alumnae associations.
This collection is organized into eight series:
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Photocopying of materials is limited and no materials may be photocopied without permission from library staff.
Researchers wishing to publish, reproduce, or reprint materials from this collection must obtain permission.
The New Jersey Historical Society complies with the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), which governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions and protects unpublished materials as well as published materials.
|The entries below represent persons, organizations, topics, and forms documented in this collection.|
|Clements, Anna G.|
|American Nurses Association.|
|Orange Memorial Hospital (Orange, N.J.).|
|Orange Memorial Hospital (Orange, N.J.). School of Nursing.|
|Nursing schools--Administration--New Jersey--Orange.|
|Nursing schools--New Jersey--Orange.|
This collection should be cited as: Manuscript Group 1381, Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing (N.J.) Records, The New Jersey Historical Society.
The records were donated by the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Association in 1995. The item in box 24 was donated by Frances G. Ralph, RN.
Series 1: Yearbooks, 1928-1982, with gaps.
Scope and Content:
Student yearbooks, for all but three years (1930, 1932 and 1975), include photographs of students, school administrators, hospital staff, and student activities. Also, histories of the hospital, summaries of class activities, class "wills," class "prophecies," and sketches of individual student personalities, emphasizing dating, study habits, hairstyles, and attitudes.
Series 2: Annual Reports, 1883-1982, with gaps.
Scope and Content:
Annual reports include by-laws, officers, committee members, treasurer's reports, rules for pupil nurses, donations, entry application questions, student contracts, lists of graduates and their professional positions, lecture topics, and course of study. Also documents student nurses' charity work (2,072 visits in 1899), residencies as visiting nurses at the Orange Settlement, the milk dispensary and the Infirmary for Contagious Diseases. Includes photographs, beginning around 1899. Annual reports starting in 1931 are those of the Orange Memorial Hospital; one section is devoted to the nursing school.
SERIES 3: Events, 1892-1982, with gaps. Grouped by event.
Scope and Content:
Documents Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing commencements and anniversary celebrations. Includes commencement invitations and programs, which list names of graduating class members. Also, correspondence, speeches, invitations, photographs, newspaper clippings, a guest register, and congratulatory letters document the 50th, 75th, 80th, 90th and 100th anniversary celebrations. Of note: the commemorative publication, "Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing: Fifty Years of Service" (1932), and narratives for historical pageants. Includes Alumnae Association correspondence, rental and catering agreements, menus and receipts related to the planning of the events, and congratulatory telegrams from Bill Bradley and Ronald Reagan.
|8||7||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1892-1918 w/gaps|
|8||8||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1920-1929 w/gaps|
|8||9||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1930-1939|
|8||10||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1940-1949|
|8||11||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1950-1959|
|8||12||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1960-1969|
|8||13||Commencement: Programs & Invitations||1970-1976; 1982|
|8||14||50th Anniversary Celebration||1932|
|8||15||75th Anniversary Celebration||1957|
|9||1||80th Anniversary Celebration||1962|
|9||2||80th Anniversary Celebration||1962|
|9||3||90th Anniversary Celebration||1972|
|9||7||100th Anniversary Celebration||1982|
SERIES 4: Photographs, 1884-1982, and n.d. (bulk 1884-1930). Arranged chronologically.
Scope and Content:
Group photographs for the majority of the graduating classes. Also, both formal and informal photographs of nursing students in class, in the hospital, in the children's ward and with individual patients. Some student portraits. Three student photo albums, two from ca. 1900-1925, document their social life and time away from studies. Includes photos of students on the Asbury Park boardwalk (1904), eating in bed, posing with skeletons, roller skating, and playing the ukelele, as well as winter scenes of the hospital, and informal photos of doctors, staff, and students. Includes photos of World War I soldiers and one of Joe Weiss, Chicago Federal League baseball player. Also, alumnae reunion photos and memorabilia. See also Events series for additional alumnae photographs.
|11||4||Photograph album||ca. 1920-1921|
SERIES 5: Student Files, 1884-1969. Grouped by subject.
Scope and Content:
Comprised of the student newsletter, The Chatterbox, 1928-1943, 1954-1956, student rosters, attendance records, a diploma, a report card, notes from teachers to students, student notebooks outlining treatment procedures, "Rules for the Pupil Nurses," the course of study, an operating room schedule, and the school song. Bound volumes of The Chatterbox document school activities, such as field trips to a dairy and a Goodwill mission, extracurricular activities such as dances, alumnae and faculty news, nurses' conventions, poetry and notes on affiliated hospital Greystone Park.
|11||6||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1929-1931|
|11||7||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1933-1934|
|12||1||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1934-1935|
|12||2||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1935-1936|
|12||3||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1936-1937|
|12||4||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1937-1938|
|12||5||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1938-1939|
|12||6||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1939-1940|
|12||7||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1940-1941|
|13||1||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1941-1942|
|13||2||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1942-1943|
|13||3||"The Chatterbox" School Newsletter||1954-1956|
|13||5||Graduate lists||1884-1969 w/gaps|
|13||6||Graduate lists||1884-1969 w/gaps|
|13||7||Graduate lists||1884-1969 w/gaps|
|13||10||Student notebooks||1925, 1927|
|13||11||Teacher Notes and Operating Room Schedule||1930-1933|
|13||12||Registered Nurse Certificate and Diploma||1947-1948|
|13||13||"Student's Record of Nursing Skills" booklet (blank)||n.d.|
|13||14||School Song/Chapel Prayer||1925, 1930-1933|
SERIES 6: History, 1932-1981, and n.d. Arranged chronologically.
Scope and Content:
Includes essays and personal reminiscences on the history of the Orange Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, including "Night Duty During the Blizzard of March 1888," excerpts from early meeting minutes, and speeches.
SERIES 7: Alumnae Association Records, 1895-1982. Grouped by subject.
Scope and Content:
Documents the activities of the Alumnae Association. Includes by-laws, correspondence, minutes, annual reports, committee reports and financial records. Some correspondence concerns the controversy over a Central Registry of Nurses, 1902-1908. Also, alumnae newsletter, the Bulletin, and an agreement with Orange Memorial Hospital.
|15||4||Constitution and By-Laws||1895-1937|
|15||5||Constitution and By-Laws||1951-63 & n.d.|
|18||4||Correspondence re: Central Registry of Nurses||1902, 1907-1908|
|18||5||Agreement with Orange Memorial Hospital||1949|
|18||9||Officers and Committees||1973-1974, 1981-1982|
|21||3||Miscellaneous||1892, 1928, 1939, 1953-1954 & n.d.|
Series 8: Printed Materials, 1882-1981, with gaps. Grouped by format.
Scope and Content:
School of Nursing catalogues and fliers, Orange Memorial Hospital materials, and nursing alumnae association materials. School catalogues include lists of faculty members, administrators, medical staff, associates and assistant medical staff, historical sketches, school goals, description of clinical facilities, affiliates, accreditation, residences, recreation, student government, pre-entrance health requirements, financial aid, entry requirements, graduation policies, hours of duty, course descriptions, and the curriculum philosophy and objectives. Also, "Some Account of the Orange Training School for Nurses" (1899), an early history of the school, and newspaper clippings. Orange Memorial Hospital items include early by-laws and annual reports, and a 100th anniversary program. Also, by-laws and minutes, primarily from the late 1880s, of the American Nurses' Association, and other national and state alumnae associations. Also of note, "Why a Cap," a booklet that explains the meanings of different types of nursing caps. Miscellaneous items include affiliation contracts with Essex County Hospital and the New Jersey State Hospital Greystone Park, and resolutions of tribute.
|22||5||"Some Account of the Orange Training School for Nurses"||1899|
|22||6||Clippings||1886-1973 & n.d.|
|22||7||Orange Memorial Hospital: By-Laws and Annual Reports||1882, 1890, 1972|
|22||8||"Memorial Hospital House Regulations" for Patients||n.d.|
|22||9||Hospital 100th Anniversary Program||19731973|
|22||10||American Nurses' Association: By-Laws, 50th Anniversary Program||1920, 1936, 1946|
|22||11||Associated Alumnae of Trained Nurses of the U.S. and Canada: Minutes, Report||1898-1999|
|22||12||National League of Nursing Education: "A List of Schools of Nursing Meeting Minimum Requirements…"||1931|
|23||1||N.J. State Nurses' Association: Constitution and By-Laws, Meeting Program||1920-1945 & n.d.|
|23||2||Nurses' Associated Alumnae of the United States: By-Laws, Minutes||1902-1903|
|23||3||Nurses' Associated Alumnae of the U.S. and Canada: Constitution & By-Laws||1896-97 & n.d.|
|23||4||St. Luke's Hospital: "An Historical Sketch of the Funds of the Alumnae Association of St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing"||1942|
|23||5||Trained Nurses' Associated Alumnae of the U.S.: Minutes||1901|
|23||6||"Why a Cap" 1940||1931|
|23||7||Contracts of Affiliation (Essex County Hospital & N.J. State Hospital Greystone Park)||1927-1944|
|23||8||Resolutions of Tribute||1973, 1981|
|24||Orange Memorial Hospital nurse's procedure book belonging to Frances G. Ralph, RN||1949-1952|
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